Crimes against science

Here at Botwatch we respect science. We understand how important it is to look for evidence, evaluate it properly, and change your ideas according to what the research shows.

To be fully immersed in a Multi Level Marketing (MLM) scheme people need to be able to have a healthy disregard for science. They need to be able to ignore the cold, hard facts about their chances of success and to ignore any objectivity. They are encouraged to embrace a different way of thinking and to just ‘believe’ and ‘hope’ and ‘ask the universe’ for success.

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An intelligent person will look for evidence and listen to objective criticism. A person in the MLM mindset will be taught to shut down any criticism and shun people who try to provide evidence that goes against their beliefs. Lazyman and Money investigated why MLM reps think their products work.

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As discussed in previous posts, MLMs have overpriced products to enable the money to flow up the pyramid. This poses a challenge to the people trying to sell the products. They can only buy so much and stockpile a certain amount before they start to realise that they are wasting their money. They have to try and sell some product at some stage, or convince themselves their products are special.

In order to sell their opportunity or products, MLMs and the people in these schemes will revert to pseudoscience in order to back up their ridiculous claims. Here are some of the common scientific errors that people make.


The liver, skin and lungs remove toxins from our bodies. No amount of supplements will help this process. We do not need to detoxify ourselves. MLMs will have you believe otherwise. For further information read these articles from the Skeptoid, Guardian or just Google ‘detox myth’.

Here are some MLMs displaying their ignorance on ‘detoxing’.



Monat here are explaining that when people’s hair falls out and  they get an itchy, flaky scalp, that is ok. It is just their hair ‘detoxing’. They say things like ‘as your pH balances equalize’- what does this even mean? Does any of this sound plausible to you?


Natural is good

Of course, natural is not good. Cyanide is natural. So is Ebola, volcanoes, scorpions, sharks, poison ivy. The list could go on and on. Just because something has come from a natural source (hasn’t everything?), does not mean it is safe. Take essential oils as an example. This is a substance that plants make to act as an irritant to put off creatures eating it. Essential oils are toxic and should not be consumes internally. But you will find people selling DoTerra and Young Living essential oils, saying you can drink it. It’s ok, they say. It’s natural.


Here is a statement from the organisation that advises and tries to regulate the use of aromatherapy.

AIA does not endorse internal therapeutic use (oral, vaginal or rectal) of essential oils unless recommended by a health care practitioner trained at an appropriate clinical level. An appropriate level of training must include chemistry, anatomy, diagnostics, physiology, formulation guidelines and safety issues regarding each specific internal route (oral, vaginal or rectal).

For more information, please visit the AIA site.

Science Based Medicine have looked at DoTERRA a few times. Have a look at these articles here, here and here.

This quote is from a Young Living seller

“Young Living oils are therapeutic grade A oils and are produced so that they are pure. Although applying oils to the skin and inhaling them can be beneficial, sometimes ingesting the oils is even more effective. The Vitality line of Young Living oil labels say that they can be taken internally.

People can put a drop or two of essential oils into milk to drink or drop into empty gel capsules and swallow. Empty gel capsules can be purchased from Young Living; 250 capsules for $9.87 retail.”

Chemical free

This Arbonne advert says the product is chemical free. How can anything be chemical free? Gasses are chemicals, so are rocks and metals. We are made of chemicals, and so is water. There isn’t a substance on this planet that isn’t made of chemicals.

How would you like a chemical free toothpaste? What on earth could it be made of I ask myself?



I’ll stop now because this could go on for ever.

Anecdotes are not proof

When there is no scientific evidence that a product can do what the seller claims, they often resort to anecdotes. They might have been told they are not allowed to make health claims as this would break the law. So they resort to saying that the product cured them of something. Or they share other ‘testimonials’ and, once a database is built up of these testimonials, it can look like there is lots of evidence for the claimed effect. Of course, these claims have not been researched properly and many are complete fabrications. I think this type of product promotion preys on people’s scientific ignorance and people’s general trust of what their peers tell them.

If someone tells you a product worked for them, question their motives. Are they trying to sell it? Are they allowed to make health claims? If health claims are not allowed, why?

JuicePlus+ reps have set up a testimonial facebook page where they can all share their stories, thinking they are getting around the law. This is very deceptive. The range of claims is astounding.

Juice Plus and its effects on #fibromyalgia #juiceplus


In the UK testimonials are not allowed to be used when selling a product unless very strict criteria apply. Check out CAP for the guidelines.


Interpreting scientific data

Sometimes you hear of an MLM company claiming there is proper scientific evidence for their claims. When you actually look at their claims though, they often fall far short of the evidence required to back up what is being claimed. The first company that jumps to mind is JuicePlus. They go on about the ’30 gold standard studies’ that prove their vitamin supplements can do the amazing things they claim. Have a look at the studies. They no way prove any of the claims made. In fact, the small improvements in any factors can be explained by the existence of the vitamins. In the EU it is illegal to claim that the results are as a result of anything other than the expected results of the individual vitamins. Have a look at the disclaimer they have to display on their website in the EU-


* * Current EU legislation necessitates that health-promoting effects may not be attributed to the product as such (in this case Juice Plus+), but only to the specific ingredients.
** Mandatory information in accordance with Article 10 (2) of REGULATION (EC) No 1924/2006: As a general rule, you should aim for a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle. The indicated health-promoting effects can be achieved by taking the recommended daily amount of Juice Plus+ capsules.

For more information on the interpretation of the research, read this very good blog of someone who painstakingly analyses the research.

I had a look at the research behind one of Ariix’s products and found it did not stand up to the hype its reps were creating.

Of course, to be able to understand the research, you first need to have access to it. Some companies claim to have evidence but won’t show you the evidence. They won’t even elaborate on where the research might be found. Many Monat reps, for example, claim that their products were tested at Princeton University for three years (or variations) and they concluded it was safe.



This blogger  investigated where the claims might have stemmed from. There has been no official statement from the company clearing up the issue. I have found the ‘research’ on this website. All it shows are the results and methodology of the testing of some individual ingredients. They don’t test the products in their sold form. They don’t show where the research was published, who wrote it, any conflicts of interests or any evidence of peer review. In this form, the research is useless.


Some MLMs provide scary ‘facts’ that, whilst true, do not support their conclusion that you need to buy their products. Take Ariix as an example. They make and sell some products like air and water filters. They explain how contaminated water can be really bad for you.


Of course it is bad. They then go to great lengths to explain how their filters can filter out these harmful things. They conclude that you should buy these expensive products for your health. What they fail to explain is that in the developed world our water supply is already free of these contaminants.

Our indoor environments are not as bad as the global picture because modern houses have ventilation, do not have indoor fires and people are generally not living in close proximity to other people and sewerage. The people living in conditions who would benefit from these filters have other things on their mind, like survival. They certainly won’t be in a position to invest in these filters.

Isagenix try to scare us into thinking some really strange things about cows and the milk that they use for their whey powder.


Dodgy ‘science’ experiments

Some Forever Living reps ‘prove’ how pure their product is compared to other aloe vera juices. They do this by mixing it with iodine. They claim that the iodine represents the impurities in our body. They add some of their aloe drink to the iodine and it goes clear. Wow! It doesn’t go clear with other brands. The reps say this proves their product is more pure and better at eliminating these dreaded ‘toxins’.


There are many of these ‘experiments’ on YouTube. Here is one, here is another. And another.

The reality is the colour change is just a chemical reaction due to one of the ingredients in Forever Living’s product. The chemical that is reacting is the ascorbic acid (vitamin C) that is used as a preservative in Forever Living’s liquid, but not present in the other brands. This chemistry page explains the reaction.

Young Living

Some people in Young Living have been doing ‘experiments’ to ‘prove’ that their household cleaning products are better at killing germs than bleach. They put some germs on agar in a petri dish and put in squares of paper soaked in various substances, including bleach, nothing, Thieves essential oil and other cleaning products. The experiment is described here. This is the type of photo people are sharing-


Their conclusion may not be all it seems. The essential oil that is used in these experiments is a pure essential oil and is therefore not a fair test. People do not clean their bathrooms with pure essential oils. That would get very smelly and very expensive. Someone questioned this in the comments on one of the blog pages where this experiment was published. They wanted to see what would happen if they used the actual Thieves cleaning solution. This is the conversation that ensued.



‘Healthy pH’

The human body is very good at maintaining its pH level. pH is how acidic or alkaline your body is and it regulates itself with the kidneys and lungs. In real life I have a very good understanding of pH and have personally measured, cared for and seen the effects of a pH that is outside of the normal range. Blood has to be between 7.35 and 7.45 and anything outside of this makes you very sick. You cannot adjust this number by taking any supplement or by altering your diet. It just isn’t possible. And even if you could adjust it, you wouldn’t want to because it would make you ill.

These basic biological and easily verifiable facts do not stop MLMs from spreading misinformation to sell their products. Here are some offenders-




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A human body with ‘a pH near 7.0’ is a near dead human body.

Thrive from Le-vel

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Complete disregard for biology


This is not how under eye puffiness is formed. Here is an article on the reasons scientists think eye bags are formed. There is no mention of tear ducts pooling.


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That pseudoscience has it all- biological nonsense, pH levels, health claims, and a claim that they use ‘evidence based documented evidence.’

Law of Attraction

This belief is rooted in the thought that bad/ negative thoughts will bring bad consequences. Likewise, good and positive thoughts will bring good consequences. The evidence that is presented for this pseudo theory is that ill people can often be heard complaining about their condition. It is therefore thought that it is this negative thinking that must have brought on the illness. Not only is this the fallacy of correlation and causation, it is beggars belief that anyone would make that conclusion.

Lacking in any proof or scientific evidence for this shaky belief has prompted some to look for a good meme or quote to back them up. This is what believers have come up with.

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It goes without saying that Einstein never said such rubbish. The actual quote came from someone who thought he was channelling an alien. Just in case you would like to check the authenticity of this quote, the people at Quote Investigator have looked into it for you.


People in MLMs will say any old rubbish to sell their products. Often the false information comes from the company themselves. The reps pretend to be knowledgeable in areas they have no understanding of. They are taught and encouraged to just believe in their company and their product and try to get others to believe in it. Pesky science and facts will not get in their way of trying to make a sale.


The stages of leaving

From helping many people through their journey away from Multi Level Marketing, I have noticed common themes. I have attempted to describe them here. Have you been through these stages? Would you add any others?


There is often a single event that unsettles people. This trigger goes against their personal ethics or crosses a line that is important to the person. For example, someone finds out that Younique is not as animal friendly as they were led to believe or they witness an upline encourage lying. Perhaps they find out the CEO is a homophobic tax evader or the charity the company supports is a sham.

Whatever the trigger is, it is enough to upset the person on a level where they cannot deny the wrongness of it.

Dawning realisation

Once someone has been awoken to the trigger they are more easily able to see other troubling things around them. They start questioning like never before. Niggling doubts become real concerns. The nagging upline can now be seen as the bully they are. The little lies they have been encouraged to make are now seen for the deceptive recruiting tactics that they are.  The rep becomes more and more horrified at what they have become involved in.


The fear at this stage is real. Timeless Vie looked into the fear that is instilled into MLM members. The fear is probably worse the longer someone has been involved in the company. They will have been faking it to make it. This would have involved presenting the image of success to their friends and family, telling them they are making money. They will have had conversations with friends and tried to persuade them to join them in this successful venture.  If they then decide to leave, they will lose face.

The worst fear will come from the realisation that friends will have been lost due to the MLM. Often people are encouraged to ditch their friends and family if they are less than totally supportive. They could have unfriended people and upset long standing friendships. Slowly their friend groups will have been replaced with their MLM family, their Senesisters, Y-sisters, other family/group name of belonging.



It’s a bit culty actually. People spend a lot of time with their MLM ‘family’ and feel a real connection with them due to the immense amount of time they spend with them. The slow backing away from friends and the encroaching influence of the MLM group creeps up on people and they can feel quite isolated when they realise how alone they really are.

This isolation can be worsened when people left their normal jobs (‘sacked the boss’) or if they have mental health issues.

There will also be fear from the thought of how the upline and team will react. They will have seen people leave the team before and heard how they were treated. They may have witnessed the blocking, isolation and character assassination that often occurs to the traitors that leave. They are blamed for their failure and lack of commitment to the group. Again, the cult vibes surface here. The excommunication and vilifying of outsiders is a feature of cults and MLMs.


In this stage, the person decides that they can no longer continue in the MLM and they have to do something. They know it will be hard to take action but they know that they must. The question here is what they need to do. Do they stay members and let it fizzle out? Do they have a raging argument with their upline? Do they just delete and block everything and pretend it never happened? Do they tell an old friend and seek some perspective? Do they contact Bot Watch, Elle Beau or Timeless Vie for support and advice?

There is no simple answer here as each person’s situation will be different and their ability to cope will vary. I would strongly advise, whichever tactic people use, that they stop spending money on the products/ training/ any MLM activity. Take time to decide what to do, but stop trying to make it work. Once you have gone this far down the decision making process, you will not be happy in MLM any more. The visor has been lifted and you can no longer pretend it might be ok. The person will be OK, but not if they stay in MLM.  It can be harmful to keep trying to lie to yourself and knowingly lie to others to recruit.



This is the part where people have to deal with the upline, contact head office, admit to friends what happened. Sometimes people need to admit to partners about the money that they borrowed or face their downline and try to make amends. They need to deal with friends who can no longer quite trust them due to previous attempts to recruit them and the perception from friends that they were seen as a way to make money. There must be the problem of coming across people who are thinking ‘I told you so’.

This part can be very isolating and can be difficult when you have been told repeatedly to just follow the plan and to reject the ‘normal’ way of working by having a J.O.B. So much hope and energy and money will have been invested in the dream of succeeding in the MLM. The actual process of leaving will be unchartered waters and can be very scary.


This is a very important part.  People need to be able to sit back and lick their wounds. Often a mental health problem such as anxiety or depression could be worsened. Previously strong people might be feeling fragile. Their belief systems have essentially been shaken to the core and everything they were working for has come crashing down.  Sometimes a reaction can be to start blogging and becoming an active voice against the MLM can become all-consuming. The anger and distress can be overwhelming and people seek to channel it.

If you have been through anything like this, it is very important that you slow down and take time to process what has happened. Please realise that you have been subjected to many techniques designed to keep you in the company, spending your money and working every spare minute to send money up the pyramid to the owner. You have been manipulated and it will take a lot of healing to overcome the damage.

If you have a friend who has been through this process, be gentle with them and allow them to talk about their feelings. You may have to occasionally step in and offer  a different perspective when their faulty logic shines through. They may blame themselves for things that happened that wasn’t their fault. They may have a negative view of themselves and their abilities. Be gentle with them and be patient.

Please contact Bot Watch if you need help, support or advice.

Some other articles you might find useful on this site are

How to help someone in an MLM,

How to leave an MLM,

How to be a Bot Watcher,

Why do people join MLMs?

Network Marketing is a cult.

MLM Expectation vs Reality

Testimonial use in MLMs

We already know that MLM often sell products with absurd health claims. Health claims that are not allowed by law. See here, here, and here about the laws around what health claims are allowable.

People in MLM schemes end up with products that are usually overpriced and of little actual use. The only way they can sell these products is to exaggerate their uses and make it sound like it has magical qualities. Have a look at TINA’s findings of false health claims made by MLMs.

Hence, you see posts like this on Facebook-

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However, these sorts of claims are frowned upon by the law, advertising authorities and the companies themselves. The companies tell their reps, outwardly at least, that they must not make health claims. They have compliance departments that are supposed to be finding these claims and asking their reps to stop.

If these wildly inacurate and illegal claims are not allowed, how are people supposed to sell them?

Juice Plus have come up with a great idea. Share testimonials. Then people are not making claims, they are just sharing stories. Here is an email from their compliance department to a Bot Watcher.




“If someone has seen that the product has helped them with a specific condition, then we encourage them to tell their story in the first person”.


“share this story with your readers or tag them in the post.”



From this belief sprung the Juice Plus Testimonials page on Face Book. Here, people tell stories about how they took Juice Plus and their health condition improved. Here is a selection of some of those testimonies-

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You can find any medical condition there and use their stories to put on your own page if you are selling Juice Plus and want to make health claims without actually making health claims. Reps end up discussing their customers and working out which of their products to recommend. Totally not making any health claims though. Here’s an example of one such discussion.

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Well there you  go, The shakes must be ok in pregnancy, the rep says so. Even though she has no training. I’ve looked up the ingredients to see if there is any vitamin A in the shakes. There isn’t. Vitamin A can be found in their capsules, but not the shakes. I did find something interesting though. There was a link to click that was labelled

“California residents: Click here for Proposition 65 WARNING.”

I don’t live in California but thought I’d click anyway. This is what I found

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The shakes can cause birth defects. This is pretty serious and it concerns me greatly that reps are telling other reps and customers that it is safe because they used it and they were ok.

It should be pretty obvious that sharing testimonials is a very bad idea. We don’t know the truthfulness of these claims and they could be very harmful. People may try and come off their medications, or have false hope for their condition. There are many, many conditions catered for on the Facebook page and shared widely.

The Law in the UK

Section 15 of the non-broadcast CAP advertising code states what sort of claims can be made for foods or food supplements.


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So claims that Juice plus capsules can replace anti depressants would not be allowed. The claims that can be made are very clearly set out I these registers. But what about personal testimonies? Is it ok for someone to say that a product has helped with a condition?

There are some general rules that marketers must comply with when sharing testimonials-

  1. The marketer cannot be the consumer and give their own testimonial.
  2. The marketer must have written permission from the person making the testimonial.
  3. The marketer mush hold evidence the claim is true- evidence of the ordering history, email records (not Hotmail, but a provable email address), address of the customer and be able to prove the testimonial is genuine.


This next bit is very interesting, found on this page on the CAP website.

“Marketers may not use testimonials to circumvent the Code by making claims in a consumer review that they would not otherwise be permitted to make. For example, if a marketer doesn’t hold the evidence to substantiate an efficacy claim, they cannot use a testimonial which makes that claim.

Testimonials alone do not constitute substantiation so marketers should not rely on testimonials as support for any direct or implied claims made in the marketing communication.”

What claims are Juice Plus allowed to make?

I asked the MHRA who regulate medicines and supplements in the UK if any health claims are allowed to be made by Juice Plus (and Ariix and Herbalife). This is their reply

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Essentially, this means no health claims can be made for products from Juice Plus.

I told them about the Juice Plus Testimonials page and one of their investigators joined and had a look. They were very concerned about the sort of posts there and wanted to inform Trading Standards about the group. Unfortunately though, they realised the page originated in America so they could not do anything about it.

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I never heard back about anything Facebook said. The page still exists so I am assuming they took no notice.



If you can’t make a claim for a product legally, you cannot get around it by using a testimony.

Making health claims that are not proven or allowed could lead people to believing it and ditching their medicines/ treatment. This could lead to significant harm.

If you sell a product, you cannot make your own testimonies when advertising it.

The strict rules around allowable claims are there for a reason, do not break them just so you can make a bit of money. Especially if you are taking advantage of ill people, this is despicable.


The scandal of ‘cancer care kits’

These ‘cancer kits’ or ‘positivity packs’ are appearing all over the internet at the moment, and on the face of it, look harmless. Helpful, and charitable even. Increasingly though, it is making people feel very uncomfortable. I will attempt to explain why.

I think the biggest element that makes people feel uncomfortable is that it is hard to criticise someone when they are helping to raise money for a good cause, especially if they are doing it without making any money. Who wants to stop people raising money for cancer patients?

Part of my job brings me into contact with people who have cancer. I want to help them, not stop them from having nice things. I also want to protect them from being exploited, especially if a massive multi national company in America is going to profit from the sales, as well as people in a multi level marketing scheme. The people selling these kits are being less than truthful and I feel a lot of people are being taken advantage of.

Let’s have a look at some of the calls for help to make these kits and see if we can analyse what is going on.

This one was spotted on Facebook on Thursday 9th November 2017, and the packs were due to be dropped off on Friday 10th November.


Her friends and family have bought these products from her. Forever Living will make a profit, the woman selling the products will be closer to earning her bonus, and her uplines will get a percentage.


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The person writing the post says she ‘told her story’. Telling of a story is a common occurrence in MLMs. People stand up in front of a group and explain to them some health problem they had or some dreadful problem with a job, or something else that was bad in their lives. Then they explain how their MLM came along and everything changed. Their health problems went away, they left heir job, they found a ‘new family’ etc etc. Then they explain how they are so thankful for the amazing opportunity and then they subtly/ or not so subtly (depending on their audience) try and recruit people. The people in the above picture could be being subjected to a recruitment attempt.

The post claims that the products can ‘help with certain side effects’. It is very common for sellers of these products to make false health claims.


Have a look at this attempt to make sales and false health claims. This person has set up a Just Giving page where she can appeal to people to send her money so she can purchase products from Forever Living and give them to cancer patients. She wants to raise £1500 to make 100 packs. (Not sure why she says £300 when she says each pack costs £15 to make).

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She claims that the aloe vera toothgel helps with mouth ulcers. This is an illegal health claim. Aloe Vera cannot be claimed to help with mouth ulcers.

She claims that aloe gelly can help with hair loss and dry skin. Again, this is an illegal health claim.

She recommends taking the gelly internally. This is not actually recommended by the scientific bodies that regulate medicines and herbal remedies. There is no evidence it is good for people, and some evidence it can cause harm.

She claims that aluminium is linked to breast cancer. It is not. She is scaremongering people into buying her products. Cancer Research UK are among many websites that debunk the myth that aluminium and cancer are linked.

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She claims here that the packs are ‘none profit’ (sic). This makes it look like she is doing this out of the goodness of her heart and not making any money. In reality, she has to sell these products in order to earn her bonus, and her upline will be getting a cut of the profits, as will their upline. By selling these packs, she is losing nothing, whilst gaining financially and making herself look good.

So what is being bought for £1500? A deodorant stick, lip balm, nail varnish and a card. I can’t help but wonder what else this amount of money could be spent on that would actually be useful.


This person is trying to raise £898 to purchase products from her team. She will benefit from all sales from people below her in her team.

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It’s not just Forever Living that use this tactic, Modere are at it as well.

They use the exact same techniques- cancer patients, bogus health claims, aluminium free deodorant, being kind to needy people.

Here is a NuSkin rep raiding money for her kits. She omits to mention the NuSkin element in her Go Fund Me page. You have to go to her Face Book page to see that is what she is actually selling.


Some reps have been more creative with their links to charities when getting people to buy their products.  This one seems to have swapped a proportion of her proceeds to a hospice, gaining sales and contact details of customers/ potential recruits.

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This one managed to persuade at least four people to buy C9s from her for a hospice fundraising activity.

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C9s cost £108.95 each. That’s £435.80 if only 4 people bought them. This effort raised £100 in total for the charity, costing the ‘customers’ £485.80. It earned the FL rep some great sales, enough to qualify for her bonus, new customers and some publicity.


This Consumer Reports article examines the phenomenon of ’cause marketing’ where product sales are related to a charitable cause. There are many negative aspects to it.  Here are a few  interesting quotes from the article.

After all, companies don’t do cause marketing solely to give, but also to get more of your business. Surveys show that almost 90 percent of consumers say that given similar price and quality, they’re likely to switch to a brand associated with a good cause. (Case studies suggest that is actually what happens in stores.) And businesses get to bask in the warm glow of good PR. “Nonprofits are lending their good name to the business, and consumers are well aware of that,” Irvin said.”

Think before using a product as a go-between, Krishna says. “Are you buying a $30 T-shirt from which $2 will go to the charity?” she said. “Or could you give $30 to the charity and do without the T-shirt?”

If you see someone selling some expensive products that they and their company will benefit from, think hard. Would it be better to donate the £10 directly to a charity? Where they can directly benefit, spending it where it needs to go? Would the cancer patients benefit from being given some toiletries and used as a sales prop, handed false health claims that could harm them, or would they be better served by their ward being given £1500?

I think cancer patients would be better served with direct donations to charity. I think friends and family of the reps would prefer not to be tricked into thinking they are doing a good thing. Many people find it hard to decline making a purchase to MLM reps at the best of times. People want to help their friends out and are often guilted into supporting them. If the donor is told their purchase will help someone fighting cancer, they will find it even more difficult to resist purchasing.  This is a very manipulative tactic.


Friends, family, social media contacts and the wider public are not told the whole truth about who will benefit from their purchase.

Cancer patients are given expensive packs of toiletries with false health claims.

Cancer patients are used to persuade people to help them. Sometimes their photos are used. All with the aim of making more sales.

Opponents of these schemes are reluctant to speak up, because who wants to be seen denying nice things to ill people?






Why Network Marketing is a Bad Thing.

What’s the harm of network marketing/ distance selling/ multilevel marketing? It’s just normal, everyday people making a bit of spare cash from selling things harmlessly to friends and online, right?

MLM creates victims

Victim 1- friends and family of the rep

You should see some of the heartbreaking stories I hear from people about their worries for their loved ones. It has ruined relationships. Not only can it dramatically ruin close family relationships, it can make working relationships and friendships awkward when someone tries to involve you in their scheme.

Here’s a selection of messages from Bot Watch’s Facebook inbox.


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Victim 2- customers

The people who buy the products are most likely only buying out of pity for their friend or relative. They might be trying to support their friend but do not actually want the product. Have you seen the inflated prices? They have to be high in order to pay all the people up the pyramid.


This is water available to purchase from Forever Living. 12 bottles for £14.76.

Here is exactly the same water from the same source, not from Forever Living.

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24 bottles for £12.72.

Forever Living sell at £1.23 a bottle, 53p from another company.


Victim 3- legitimate homeworkers/ small businesses

How many real small business people/ home workers and life coaches have been met with scepticism or an eye roll when they reveal what they do? People who have spent time and money and skills building up a real business are not taken seriously because MLM have sullied the reputation of genuine businesses.

Some reps describe themselves as life coaches, which must sting genuine life coaches who have had training and built up a reputation, helping people to make the best of their lives and overcome obstacles they are experiencing. Reps come along and call themselves coaches, with the express aim of recruiting people, coaching them to recruit people to coach them to recruit people to coach them to recruit….You get the idea.


Victim 4- The rep’s finances

It has been well established that it is impossible to earn a good wage in MLM, unless you are high up with the right connections. The people that earn money are reliant on having a large team beneath them, most of whom will lose money, before they feel a failure and slink off feeling worthless.

There have been many, many people coming forward with stories about losing money. Have a read of Elle Beau and her story of Younique. People hide their losses to themselves and family. Most do not even realise they are losing money because they do not keep a proper track of their expenses.

Victim 5- Women

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Women are targeted for this industry, often in a patronising way, using their vulnerabilities and patronising them along the way. What is this, the 1950’s? Have a look at Timeless Vie for some of their work on feminism and MLMs. This article is a particular eye opener.

Here is one example from Bot Watch’s inbox of vulnerable women being specifically targeted.

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Victim 6- free thought

It is becoming increasingly evident that MLMs are cults. People are subjected to techniques that condition people into thinking and speaking in a certain way. They are taught to ignore their inner questioning thoughts and to blindly do as they are told. They are conditioned to think all fault lies with them and anything good is down to the MLM. They speak of their team members as family and are encouraged to reject friends and family that raise concerns. This post goes into more detail about it.

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 Victim 7- People with health conditions

For some reason, many MLMs tout products with amazing properties that can cure any illness. People target sufferers with conditions and tell them their products can help. This is not only deceptive and fraudulent, but illegal and dangerous as well.

Truth In Advertising have looked at the bogus health claims made by MLMs and they came up with quite a list.

Screenshot 2016-04-28 17.47.24

DoTERRA got in trouble for saying their oils could cure Ebola and got in trouble with the FDA about it.

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Below is a common type of social media post. What are they trying to do? Tell you that any condition you have can be cured by their oils/ juices/ tablets/ coffee? Yes, that is exactly what they are doing. I hope that they are just deluded and really believe in their products. Because otherwise, they are deliberately getting people to spend over the odds on products that will have no effect on anyone’s health. At least it won’t improve any conditions.

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What to do about it

If you are an organiser of an event please consider banning MLMs from attending. People are becoming wise to them now and are are generally displeased when they see these stalls. People who do not know about them could be vulnerable to being recruited. This is especially bad when the event is a jobs fair, targeting a particular profession or aimed at people with health conditions or new parents. You could be enabling these companies to cause many problems for the people you are trying to serve.

If you see adverts for events that include MLMs please speak up about it. Read this article on what you can do to help.

If you have a friend or relative in an MLM and you want to help them, look here for inspiration.

If you are in an MLM yourself you might want to read ‘How to leave an MLM’ if you are at that point. If you are not sure what to do and are having a bit of a ‘moment’ and tying to work out what is going on, read this article on ‘having doubts‘. It might help clarify a few things.


Dodgy MLM Products List

Some products are legal to sell in one country but illegal in another. If you are in an MLM, you might want to check you are not breaking the law by selling prohibited products. It is no defence to say that you did not know. If you are saying you own a business and are selling products, you have taken on the responsibility for checking them out.

If you are a Bot Watcher, you may want to check the activity you are observing is legal, in case you want to complain.

Here is a list of some of the prohibited items I have come across. It is by no means an exhaustive list. Please send me information on any products you come across that need to be added.

Vida Divina

This item is a drug in UK law and needs to be sold with a prescription. It cannot be sold through MLM channels.


2017-09-17 (3)Sleep N Lose by Vida Divina has Melatonin in it which is not licenced in the UK to be sold outside of a pharmacy without a prescription.

People selling this could be reported to the MHRA or the ASA.



This email was sent to a rep and she put it on Facebook.

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See Botwatchblog’s analysis of Vida Divina.


Forever Living

Forever living do not have any products listed with the MHRA for medicinal use, including for use as a Traditional Herbal Remedy.

There are no allowable health claims for their products.

In the EU, companies can apply to their own country’s authorities for authorisation to sell their Aloe Vera products as a constipation cure, but that would be the only allowable claim.

In the USA, the FDA removed Aloe Vera as an allowable drug to be sold over the counter. It is now used there as a supplement. The US Department of Heath and Human Services say this about Aloe Vera.

Forever Living’s products are not illegal to sell, but it is illegal to sell them as being medicinal in any way in the UK. I imagine it would be pretty hard to sell the products without being able to make any claims about Aloe Vera, especially when you bear in mind that testimonials are not allowed either, even verbally.


Juice Plus+

Juice Plus+ are not registered with the MHRA in any way so they are not allowed to make any health claims for their products in the UK. Their products are classed as supplements.

Please be aware that there is vitamin A in these products so they really should not be used by pregnant women.



On the 11th September 2017 I came across this message on Facebook from an Ariix seller.

“Higher levels of ingredient than UK legislation likes” means illegal then!

So Optimals, Power Boost, Beauty Boost and Restoriix are illegal to sell in the UK. I have asked Ariix for clarification. Here is their reply

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Valentus are trading illegally in the UK. See what happened to Charlotte Thomson in this Daily Mail report.

Do not buy or sell any of these products in the UK.

For more on this MLM, see this post on Botwatchblog.



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Ganoderma mushroom does not have any allowable health claims in the UK. If this coffee is sold in the UK, there can be no weightloss claims made about it or any other claims that it can do anything to your bodily functions. It can only be sold as a normal coffee.

At £40.95 for 24 servings, that is expensive coffee.


How to check for illegal health claims

In the EU, there is a database you can check to see if the claims for your product are illegal or allowed.

Please check here before making claims or copying adverts for products with medicinal properties. Clicking on the link takes you to this page-

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Please click here to check out claims made for food ingredients. This is the page you get when clicking the link.

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Search here for the scientific information about an ingredient and its uses.

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To check if a product has this allowable use in individual countries, you need to check the individual country’s databases. In the UK, it is the MHRA that police this.

This database lists all the names of products, the company that makes it, and the allowable claims for it.









Contents page

I have written a few posts and it is sometimes hard to find the one you want. Here is a list of some of the most popular/ useful ones and a quick summary. I hope you can find what you are looking for.

Follow Bot Watch on Twitter (@MLMBotWatch) or Facebook to keep upto date.


Why Network Marketing is a bad thing.  This is an introduction to Multilevel marketing/ network marketing. It explains why it is not the innocent small work from home type opportunity people say it is.

How to leave an MLM This helps people who are in an MLM and want to leave but are worried about how they should go about it. It can be a stressful time. This is also useful if you have already left and are grappling with the emotions that are left.

Network Marketing is a cult. This title is not as mad sounding as you think. It provides an analysis of what a cult is and how MLMs fit the criteria. This is quite a stressful read if you have been involved but things may make a bit more sense to you after reading.

MLM and the Enterprise Allowance This is a continuing investigation which is nearing completion. The article lays out the problem and the beginnings of my sleuthing. More progress has been made and it will be updated when completed. The Enterprise Allowance is a government scheme that funds new businesses.

You are not an independent Business Owner A quick look at what these words mean and how ridiculous they sound when applied to someone involved in MLMs. Quite funny, and a good one to link to in an argument with someone involved in MLM!

Directory of MLM information This one provides general MLM information and then gives an alphabetical list of some of the MLMs we have come across and details on them. I need to update it a bit to reflect some of the companies failing and creating new scandals, but it is a good place to start looking for information.

How to help someone in an MLM. This is a good read if you have a fried or relative involved in an MLM and you are at a loss as to what to do. You may be worried about damaging your relationship with them. This article will help you through the difficulties and offer practical advice.

In need of an alternative/ extra income? This is a resource for people who are in need of earning some money and need an alternative to MLM. This could be useful for someone who has been considering an MLM or people who are leaving and are still left with the problem of wanting to make money at home. I gain nothing from any of the links in this article. No affiliate marketing going on here.

The things MLMs say (or MLM Bingo) People arguing for MLMs will always come up with the same tiring arguments all the time. Here, they are laid out and explanations given as to why they are not true. If you get in an argument with someone in an MLM, refer them to this piece.

MLM Expectation vs Reality This was produced in partnership with someone who was quite high up in Forever Living. She spills the beans on what she was promised and what actually happened once she joined. The themes are relevant to all MLMs. It is quit an eye opener.

Forever Living using sick children, Great Ormond Street Hospital and a charity to make unsubstantiated health claims. This is an investigation that exposed some lies that some people were caught telling. The title tells you all you need to know.

People who care about you are worried A good one to link to if you have a friend or relative who has become embroiled in MLM but you don’t know how to approach them. People have actually sent this to people and had good results. It could also help you get your own thoughts together and working out why you are worried.

Are you or someone you know in an MLM? Having doubts? Aimed at people who have just joined an MLM and are thinking ‘what on earth have I got myself involved in here?’ Maybe it was going well at first but now the doubts are creeping in. Read this to find out what is happening to you.

Making False Health Claims. Part 1 and Making False Health Claims. Part 2 These explain the laws around making heath claims for products in the UK. This covers medicines, herbal remedies and any products that claim to alter the body’s functions. Seen an advert for a product that can cure diabetes or help you lose weight? These articles help you work out if those claims can be made, and if not, what you can do about it.

Directory of MLM information.

If you are worried about someone in an MLM and want to know what is going on with them and how you can help them, have a look at these links-

How to help someone. Explains how to research MLMs and how to speak to people in an MLM.

Having second thoughts. Aimed at people who have joined an MLM, might help them see the truth.

Someone who cares about you is worried. Explains to people why you are worried about them being in an MLM.

Expectation versus reality. Aimed at people considering joining an MLM. Information from ex MLMers about the truth of what really goes on.

Watch this You Tube film by Ethan Vanderbuilt that has some advice.

This Skeptoid article gives you three options on what to do if someone you care about has a worrying belief in ‘woo’, whether that be a ‘cure’ or a financial trap. Well worth a read.

MLMs in General

Elle Beau’s story about her real life experiences whilst in Younique, or Poonique as she calls it. Many people have said they can relate to her story. It shows you how people can get sucked in and what really happens once you join an MLM.

Are All MLMs Scams? By MLM Alert.

Is it a pryamid scheme? by TINA

MLM bingo, what they all say. By BotWatchBlog

Lazy Man and Money explains why MLM health products don’t work.

10 big lies of MLMs by MLM Watch.

How to identify a product based pyramid scheme by MLM Watch.

The Talented Ladies Club has written an article on ‘The seven lies an MLM rep will tell you- and the REAL truth you need to know.’

Albania had a near civil war with thousands of deaths in 1997 due to the collapse of pyramid schemes. New York Times article about it.

Assess an MLM to see if it will make you money or if it is a scam. A simple 5 step assessment with explanations for each point. Written by an expert.

The Anti MLM Coalition is a group of people fighting MLMs and supporting ex reps and reps who find themselves in difficulty. Bot Watch is a member. We aim to provide a lot of information and collect people’s personal stories to share.

Timeless Vie- Facebook page and Blog. They are an MLM parody site that aims to educate and support people on all things MLM, with the aim of stamping out MLMs. Contact them with your questions or experiences.

Bot Watch- We have a Facebook page too if you want to contact us in confidence with questions or just ‘like’ us and keep up with information. Follow us on Twitter (@MLMBotwatch) for developments. There’s always something kicking off in the MLM world.

Information on specific MLMs

If you know of any more MLMs or have any links or information, please contact us at Bot Watch and tell us about them.

1st Phorm

Their website. They operate in the US.

They sell sports clothes and supplements aimed at sporty people. Their sports leggings cost $60.00. They have a ‘110% guarantee’ where they will refund 110 of the retail price if people are not happy with their purchase. This only applies to proper customers though, not the reps.

Their reps are called ‘Legionnaires’ and ‘sponsored athletes’.

Founded in 1999 by Andy Frisella and Chris Klein.

Short discussion about them on this bodybuilding forum.

In 2013 the company were sued by someone who used one of their diet pills and suffered a stroke. News story here.

There are many contraindications for using the products- being under 21 or over 55, having depression, seizures, psychiatric disorders, thyroid problems, diabetes, enlarged prostate, glaucoma, difficulty urinating, kidney disease and recurrent headaches. They shouldn’t be taken with antidepressants, NSAIDS, MAO inhibitors, aspirin or drugs containing stimulants.

Possible side effects include chest pain, dizziness, irritability, nervousness, tremors, severe headaches, irregular heartbeat, nausea, and shortness of breath


2xtreme Performance International

Shut down in 2000 by FTC. They found that their earnings claims were not realistic and people would not make what was promised. This caused the FTC to label it a pyramid scheme.


For further links on this MLM, have a look at this website.


Their website. They sell supplements. Policies and procedures.  They operate in many countries.

Their income disclosure statement shows that approximately 80% earned nothing. 20.9% earned less than $59 a month on average, before expenses. A very very tiny amount of people earned anything decent. Their figures add up to over 100%.


They are members of the DSA.


Their website. They sell loads of different types of products (security, business products, coffee, health products)

Pissed Consumer have numerous bad reports about this company.

Details about lawsuit and fraud allegations against 5linx’s ex President.

7 Minute Workout

31 Gifts (see Thirty One Gifts)

100% Pure

A Bit Rude

Australian MLM. They sell adult products.

I’d tell you more about this MLM if I could remember the password to get the child lock off the internet rude filter.


Abby+Anna’s Boutique

They sell clothes and accessories. In USA only. Their website.

They operate in Puerto Rico, USA and Guam. They hope to expand to Canada in 2018.

Abundant Health Ltd


Their Canadian website has some earnings figures from 2010. Why 2010? Are their figures worse now? ‘Not all IBO’s make a profit’. How many don’t make a profit? They don’t tell us. Their figure of $500 a year earnings only include active members that earned money. What about all those that didn’t earn any? I think they are relevant! IBOs have to make a yearly payment to remain members of US$149 and purchase training materials and attend events at their own expense. Source.

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Ethan Vanderbuilt says ACN is a legal scam. This website has a very comprehensive breakdown of ACN and the facts behind it. Well worth a read if you want to know more about ACN.

Some researchers have found that participants lost on average $605. Fewer than 1 in 200 people will recover their initial investment.

ACN have been linked with Donald Trump. The National Review discuss how Donald Trump associated himself with ACN for years and made millions of dollars from it. He then denied knowing anything about the company when he started his presidential campaign.

IBOs in ACN are not allowed to solicit customers from cold markets. They have to persuade friends, families and other people known to them to buy the non-competatively priced products.

An ACN whistleblower’s story.

ACN Policies and Procedures.  From the policies-

“B. Eligibility for Compensation. In order to receive compensation, IBOs must maintain a minimum number of phone points per ACN’s Compensation Plan.”  This means that you may make an investment, put time and effort in, gain customers and make sales but still get paid nothing.

The policies also state that, should a disagreement occur between the IBO and ACN, the IBO/exIBO is not allowed to sue ACN in a class action suit. Also, IBOs have to agree that, should a disagreement come to court, they have to waive their right to a trial by jury!

Undercover investigation into the ACN  product.


“Surgery like or medically inspired treatments for use in the home.”

Used to be called Actiderm. They just changed the name in 2016 to take into account that they are introducing non-skin products. In America they are called Acti-labs Paris. Some of their products still have Actiderm on them.

Compensation plan.

Here’s someone who has used their  wraps on their arms. Do we think the results are down to the wraps or from turning her arms round?

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This is a British company registered first as Aesthetimeds Ltd. and then Acti-Laboratories UK Ltd. Aesthetimeds was set up in 2006, buying beauty products made in France and selling them using  traditional methods. In France the manufacturing company seems to be called Cosmetic Research Group, with the brands Soskin Paris, Tom Robbin and Hellionature. In the UK Aesthetimeds  started using a multi level marketing scheme to sell their Actiderm products in 2011. Aesthetimeds Ltd changed its name in Dec 2015 to Acti Laboratories Uk Ltd. It is owned and run by Christopher Hillyard-Miller and James Hillyard-Miller, chemists.

This Actilab blog seems to imply that the French company Cosmetic Research Group and Actilabs are the same company but I can’t find out who owns the Cosmetic Research Group. It looks like a French company make lots of different types of cosmetics, including a line called Actilabs that is sold in the UK and now USA through MLM.

Related companies that have been set up and dissolved by these people are-

Aesthetimeds research group Ltd– opened and closed in 2010.

Institut Soskin Ltd  opened and closed in 2007.

There is no income disclosure statement available which should be a red flag. They say they will be opening up in Canada soon so maybe there will be one then, as it is required by law there.




Advance Finance Inc

This pyramid scheme was shut down and the owner sent to prison for 5 years. Gary A. Eisenberg was the owner who conned a lot of his family and friends. Los Angeles Times news report here. His scheme involved getting an ‘investment’ from people and he used the money to loan to companies. He used the new investment money to pay interest to the older members.nds will not be available for 6

Advita Energy


Website against Advocare called Advocarefacts

Advocare is mentioned in this New York Times article on the Olympics and supplements.

FB group against Advocare- Advo-Truth

Lazyman and Money’s assessment.

Another article criticising Advocare. You just need to ignore the pop ups and promotion of the author’s own scheme.

TINA’s investigations into illegal health claims made for the products.

Bottlesoup do a financial analysis on the earning potential.

Income Disclosure for 2015. These figures are annual payments. Let’s hope your team managed to buy $500 of stock every month to make you eligible for payments.Screenshot 2016-06-24 22.11.35

Aerus Elecrolux

Agel Enterprises


Alice’s Table



Reps arranged auctions for their own and party hosts’ things. They also seemed to have a catalogue and stock? It’s all a bit confusing. They called their reps ‘Independent consultants’. Review here.

It won the DSA’s 2015 ‘Rising Star Award’.

Their twitter account was last updated August 2016. Clicking on the links doesn’t work. Their website domain is available to purchase. It seems to have gone without trace or explanation.

Alliance In Motion Global/ AIM Global

Their website. They sell Natura-Ceuticals supplements.

They predominantly operate in Asia and the middle East. One of the products they sell is a skin lightening cream.

They hold a world record


Like many Asian MLMs they have a hand signal.


Allysian Sciences

Aloette Cosmetics

Aloe Vera of America

Bought out by Forever Living Products.

Alphay International


Their website.

They sell anti ageing beauty products.

They seem to have problems with their website or they have shut down. When I clicked on the link to see the products, there were none to be seen. When I clicked on ‘opportunity’, I was redirected to a page telling me I could buy that domain name. The date on the website is 2016, is this when it closed? Why no message saying it is closed? Why no explanation. These schemes just seem to go bust and abrubtly disappear.

Amare Global

Amazon Herb

Ambit Energy

Their website.

Member of the DSA. They sell gas and electricity. They operate in the USA and Japan. Started in 2006 by Jere Thompson Jr and Chris Chambless.

Lots of complaints from disgruntled customers on this website. Along with glowing reviews from reps. Complaints include cheques bouncing, bills being put up after a year, poor customer service. A few people are saying that if you don’t renew your package after a year ( as a customer), you are put on the highest tariff and end up paying $50 a month extra. If you try to leave the company they charge you $199.

Pissed consumer website has a lot of unhappy customers.



American Income Life


Ameriplan Dental Plan

Amore Pacific

Won a DSA award in 2018 for being number 35 highest ranking ‘direct selling’ company.



Merchants of Deception– a free book about one man’s experience in Amway. Most MLMs these days seem to be based on this MLM.

A Polish subtitled video  from 1997 that exposes Amway for what it is. Actual footage from meetings. Former members share their experiences.

An investigative undercover program looking into Quixtar/ AKA Amway.

FTC proceedings against Amway in 1979.

David Brear’s assessment of Amway. David Brear’s website, The American Dream Made Nightmare.

The Finance Guy analyses the financial figures for Amway and finds the average person lost $1176 in 2010.

TINA’s investigation into illegal health claims made for Amway products.

If you look up Amway on Companycheck, you will find AMWAY (EUROPE) Ltd is worth £223.8 million. There are many other Amway entries in Companycheck where sellers have registered themselves when they joined Amway. You can see how well they have done. There are 45 companies with AMWAY in the title. One of them has earned money in addition to Amway (Europe) and that was a freight company, nothing to do with AMWAY. All of the others say N/A for the figures or show a loss, here’s some examples-

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Ann Summers

Unusual for an MLM, in that they have shops and sell products to the general public.

Go Compare investigate the earning potential and interview a party host. She points out that people only want parties at the weekend and it is only really possible to arrange 2-3 parties a fortnight, not the promised 3 a week. The poor woman blames herself for not trying hard enough.

The Guardian Explore Anne Summers as a career. They find that most people are supposedly (no evidence given) able to earn £80-£120 gross a week, but out of this comes their expenses and rental of the equipment.

An ex-Ann Summers party planner asks for advice at The Consumer Action Group after finding herself not earning money and ending up in debt.


Apiori Beauty


Aquasource UK

Their website.

Nutritional and skin care products sold in UK, Greece, Estonia, Russia, Finland, Croatia, Bulgaria and Macedonia. Owned by homeopaths David Howell and Robert Davidson.

Member of the UK DSA.


What you can expect to earn. Their income disclosure statement. and here, on their canadian site.  Their British website.

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The earnings here are particularly poor. The independent consultants line at the bottom is only including 20% of the ones that bought/ sold enough stock to get a payment. AVERAGE EARNINGS OF ARBONNE PARTICIPATNTS IS $60-$500! A year.

Here is the USA income disclosure

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The above chart only contains the payment details of the top 13% that actually earned a payment by selling/buying the qualifying amount. I have worked out from this what the real average earnings are.

Total amount of people in the chart are 23000. Total payments made= $146,293,340. Total payments divided by the full 175,500 consultants= $833.58 a year. This figure still doesn’t take into account the people that joined and left during the year. The churn rate would need to be known to calculate more accurately the actual earnings. It is likely much less than the $833.58.

Compensation Plan. It is very complicated as product costs are converted into points and these points are accumulated to qualify for earning percentages of purchases and downline purchases. There is a minimum spend to qualify for payments but I haven’t got the time or sanity to calculate what it is. If you know and can explain in a few simple sentences, comment and I can update my information. Thanks.

An undercover Mirror reporter investigates Arbonne. He finds it costs about £1500 to get started. One quote from this piece- “I’m a traditionalist and prefer jobs that don’t involve buying stuff from the company I work for – and ones that come with a salary.”

Ethan Vanderbuilt classes Arbonne as a scam.

TINA’s investigation into illegal health claims made for Arbonne products.

Arbonne’s financial statements at Companies House in the UK.




Also cryptically known as ‘The Opportunity company’. The symbol of Ariix is two infinity symbols, because

Screenshot 2016-06-29 14.00.56

The ‘width and depth’ they are talking about here is the dimensions of the pyramid of people underneath you. There are not infinite numbers of people. Their statement is non-sensical.

A critique of some Ariix research.

Some background on Ariix’s doctor.

A person associated with Ariix giving a ‘nutritional talk‘ about a medical condition at a hotel for people with cancer.

Average earnings statement for Ariix sellers. A clip from that document-

Screenshot 2016-06-22 09.51.47

In the UK, this equates to £814.06 Gross. For an entire year. Of course, some people at the top of the pyramid will earn more so people joining at the bottom will be earning a lot less than that. According to Ariix’s website, there are costs involved in order to be eligible for bonuses-

Screenshot 2016-06-29 14.09.31.png

1PV seems to be $1. so it costs $150 to start with the company and $75 every 4 weeks to be eligible for bonuses. Over a year, this adds up to $1125. Take off the average earnings and the average person earns $69 in a year.

Timeless Vie interview an Ariix escapee.

Dr Fred Cooper, one of the founders of Ariix was still president of USANA when he started up Ariix, directly breaking the rules of USANA.

Arsoa Honsha


Their website.

They think their products can stop aging at a genetic level?!?

They operate in UK, Denmark, USA, Spain, France, Hong Kong, and many other countries.

Their ‘science’ consists of trying to scare people with facts about ageing. Science Based Medicine looked at their science and found it to be very funny. Their article on it is worth a read.

The ingredients for their main product are listed as water and salt!


Their income disclosure shows the earnings of ‘executive ranks’ in 2014. It doesn’t say how many there are of these or how many there are in the company that are below that rank. I suspect there will be a lot of people they are not including in this chart.


If you search online for false health claims, there are LOADS! Here is someone claiming that ESEA products saved him from cancer.

Lots of information about ESEA from Lazy Man and Money can be found here.

Aspire/Digital Altitude.

(See entry under ‘Digital Altitude/Aspire)


Athome America


Their website. They sell skincare products. Established in 2004 in South Korea by Han-Kil Park and then spread to America and the rest of  South East Asia.

The countries where they operate-


This review of Atomy has an interesting discussion at the end where contributors are either defending the company or accusing it of being a pyramid scheme.


Ava Anderson (see Pure Haven)

Ava Rose Designs


MLMs will use the fact that Avon is an MLM to legitimize the whole system. Everyone has heard of Avon and assume it is a good company. It used to be a direct selling company but has more recently become an MLM. Becoming an MLM has complicated things for them and tarnished their reputation. Have a read of Pyramid Scheme Alert’s analysis in this article – Has MLM corrupted AVON?

Costs involved in being an Avon rep- Can you make money selling Avon?

The Pink Truth’s article on AVON. It is worth reading the comments at the end.

There are loads of people complaining about AVON on Complaints Board. Here is a detailed one that highlights some bad business practices.

AVON have announced they will no longer have a presence in Australia.

A personal experience of an AVON rep is described on the Anti-MLM Coalition’s website.

Azuli Skye

They sell jewellery. Started in 2008. Members of the DSA.

Banners Broker

Shut down for being a Ponzi scheme. They were pretending to sell advertising.

Before they were exposed as being a Ponzi, they were accepted by the MLM community as being a normal MLM. One of their members was listed on a ‘top 100 earners list’, alongside other MLMs.




Simon has gone on to form his own company ( The Advert Platform) that is pretty similar to the Ponzi where he made loads of money. It sold advertising. More recently, it moved into cryptocurrency. As of April 2018, there seem to be problems paying the members.




Most recent legal papers. Tara talks gives a summary of all the legal proceedings and lots of links.

Ethan Vanderbuilt looks at the scam.

Open letter sent to affiliates-


Bamboo Pink

They sold jewellery.

Founded in 2011 by Frances Gadbois, Jude Steele and Debbie Millar.


Barefoot Books

Their website. They sell books. In America and Canada they are MLM, in Europe they just sell to bookshops and libraries.

The reps are called ‘ambassadors’. People in Canada can join by buying starter kits for $99.99 or $179.99 and pay a yearly fee of $49.99. There are no minimum amounts to spend to be ‘active’.

The founders are Nancy Traversy and Tessa Strickland.

Truth in Advertising investigated their false income claims and found quite a few. You can view them and the letter TINA wrote to them asking them to stop.


Their website. They call their reps ‘bathologists’.

People make their own bath products at parties (Blending Bars). The guests then make their own label.

Stacey Madsen founded Bath.ologie in 2011. It only operates in the US.

They had started applying for a trademark but this application was abandoned when the company stopped responding or were late with their paperwork.

May 24th 2018 it was announced that Bathologie were shutting down. They gave their reps one day’s notice to shut down their ‘businesses’. MLM News Report give the details here. Here is a screenshot from the email the company sent to their reps. As of 25th May 2018, their website is still up as normal and there is no public sign of the company closing.



Beachbody website.

Analysis by Lazy man and money.

Ethan Vanderbuilt says it is a scam.

17 Beach Body coaches describe why they left the MLM in this reaction to an anti-Beachbody blog post.



Their website.

They belonged to Tupperware but were sold to Youngevity in 2017.


Beauty Society

BeCAUSE Cosmetics

Their website. Founded 2017.

They sell make up (unsurprisingly!) They claim to be cruelty free but they do not have Leaping Bunny certification.

Become International

Bedroom Kandi

They sell adult products



They sell hair care products. Launched in 2008 by Steve Beever, hairdresser, they initially sold products through traditional methods to hair salons. Since 2016 they have been following the MLM model.

Their website.

Registered at Companies House as Beever Haircare Ltd in 2014. Paul Hammond and Steven Beever are the secretary and director.



Bell Lifestyle Network

Bella Branch

Sells jewellery.

Bella Vintaj



Beyond Organic

bHIP Global

Big Planet

Biltmore Inspirations




They sell fuel additives.

Biopro Technology

Blessings Unlimited

Established in 2006. They offered ‘Christian and inspirational products’ in the home décor market.

This is what their Twitter account says “Blessings Unlimited is a party plan business founded in 2006 by DaySpring Cards. Mission: To pursue the heart of God and bring blessings to others.” 

Dayspring cards have a website.

The Twitter account hasn’t been used since 2011. When you click on their website link for, you are directed to Mary and Martha, another MLM.

This rep has posted a link to the website where it is saying it was a member of the DSA.


There isn’t much information out there about them. They seem to have just fizzled quietly out.

Bod·ē Pro

Body Alive

Body By VI/ Visalus

This MLM sell meal replacement shakes. There has been much criticism of these shakes, namely that they do not encourage healthy eating, their healthy diets are flawed, and there are some bad ingredients in the shakes. These two websites look at the MLM and analyse them.

Health Living, Heavy Lifting. This site looks at the shake and the marketing.

Graham Thomas Online. This blog post looks at the supposed science behind the products. There isn’t any.

Their compensation plan is mind-boggingly confusing.

Their arguments supporting the facts that Visalus is not a scam are

  1. They give to charity.
  2. Big companies have a hierarchical structure.


There is no income disclosure statement, even on the Canadian website. They don’t want you to know how much their sellers earn. Multilevel Marketing Madness is a website that has analysed the claimed earnings.

Body FX Direct

Body Shop at Home

Their website. They sell cosmetics, soaps, lotions etc. They have high street shops.

It was established in 1976 by Dame Anita Roddick and bought by L’Oréal in 2006. The Body Shop had prided itself on its high ethics and non cruelty to animals. The takeover by L’Oréal was seen as controversial by many customers. 1994 The Body Shop branched out into MLM and The Body Shop at Home started.

BBC video on The Body Shop story.

In 2017 The Body Shop was bought by Natura with high hopes for returning to its ethical roots.

An ethical website looks at the ethical issues of the takeover.

Timeless Vie tell the story of one woman’s experience in this MLM.

An informant tells us at Bot Watch about what happened to her when she was a consultant for TBS at home.

Daily Mail story about a Body Shop at Home consultant and a questionable tactic of using children to get money out of.

Body Wise

Boisset Collection


Boresha Coffee

Boston Finney

This MLM had people selling the opportunity to buy electricity. Except they didn’t have any electricity to sell.

boston finney

The California Public Utilities Commission shut them down. San Fransisco Chronicle details the case here. They report how reps were claiming it wasn’t a scam because they were getting paid.

Bounce Life/ Bounce Network

Their website. They sell insurance. They call their reps ‘bouncers’. They go on a ‘bouncing journey’ as they join up and try to earn money and recruit. They only operate in the UK.

They name their levels in the pyramid after jewels.

They don’t have an income statement.

Brain Abundance

Bud Star

Canada only. They sell marijunana products

Burn Lounge

Founded in 2004 and supposedly sold music online. In 2007 the FTC sued them for being a pyramid scheme. Here is the FTC’s website with details of all the legal stuff.

Press release from FTC about the money they have retrieved from the pyramid scheme to give back to the fraud victims.

Analysis of the case by False Profits website.

Buskins Leggings


CAbi Online

Their website. CAbi stands for Carol Anderson By Invitation. Started in 2001.

They sell clothes. They call their reps ‘stylists’. They operate in the US, UK and Canada.

Known as CABI Experience Ltd in the UK. Companies House has this entry. This is interesting-



This is on Companies House in March 2018.


It looks like they were going to be subject to a compulsory strike off but the company managed to avoid it. They were only set up in 2016.


It will be interesting to see if they do publish their figures, and if they do, how well they are doing. Watch this space!

Stylists refer to each other as cabi sisters.

It’s difficult to work out how much people earn as they don’t have an income disclosure. I found this though-




How much do shipping and postage cost? Let’s say $300. The rep then pays for nibbles, invitations, drinks, leaflets etc for the show ($50?). Outlay is $3100.

After the season, if reps do well, they might sell $3000 of stock. They are then $100 out of pocket.

Then the next season begins and it happens again.



If a stylist fails to sell a certain amount, they are not allowed to sell the next season. They have to attend two conference trainings a year which will add to their costs.

There are no details anywhere about how much UK reps spend. It is illegal for them to spend more than £200 in the first two weeks. Information is very sparse for the UK and Canada.

2015 Fortune article about CAbi.

Cal Nutrisciences

Cambridge Weight Plan, formerly Cambridge Diet

Members of the UK DSA.

Their website.

This is a diet company based on a keto diet. A bit like Weight Watchers but on an MLM model.

Captain Tortue

Their website.

They sell French clothing for women and girls. Members of the UK DSA.

Carico International

Cashback World

See Lyoness

Celadon Road

Celebrating Home


Their website. They sell 3 different types of sprays that come in credit card sized containers.

They are based in Estonia and started by Anders Karlsson. He was a big earner in Vemma.

Behind MLM review.

Chalk Couture

Chalky and Co



Charlie’s Project


The Chefs Toolbox

This MLM went into liquidation 15th November 2018.

Their website.

Australian  company selling cooking stuff. Founded by David Mills in 2003.

This Product Review website documents complaints about the products. As is usual for MLM companies, there are 5 star and 1 star reviews, with not much in between. A common complaint is that when the products fall apart, the customer is told they weren’t using the product properly.

Chez Ami

Chloe and Isabel

They sell jewellery.

Christian Bling

Faith inspired jewellery.



Jewellery and bags.

Clever Container

Their website. They sell containers. They operate in the USA. Started in 2006 by Karen Eschebach and Jennifer Weaver.

Member of the DSA. Stephanie Merrick Blaser is the president.

Close To My Heart

Cloud 9 Parties

Coastal Vacations

Color Street Nails

Their website. They sell nail polish strips. Based in New York. They operate in the US only. Their terms and conditions.

Color by Amber

Their website.  They sell jewellery and are environmentally friendly.

There is not much information about this company.

There is no income disclosure.

Color Me Beautiful/ Colour Me Beautiful

They call their reps ‘consultants’ and their parties are called ‘Beauty Hours’.

Their website. They sell clothes, jewellery, cosmetics and bags. It was founded in 1988 by Mary Spillane. They do not have ‘Leaping Bunny’ status to show they are cruelty free. This does not stop the reps from claiming they are ‘cruelty free and no animal testing’. Have a look on EBay to see what their reps are claiming. There’s plenty of unused stock being offloaded there.

I cannot find an income disclosure for this company.

The book ‘Colour Me Beautiful‘ came from this MLM that explains their theory on how to work out what colours suit you.


Cookie Lee

They sell jewellery

Cookie Lee founded the company in 1985 and it became MLM in 1992. It operated in the USA only and was a DSA member.

2013 the company was sold to a real estate company.

Compelling Creations

Member of the DSA. They sell jewellery with faith inspired messages.

The Coral Connection

Country Gourmet Home

Country Scents Candles

Country Suds


Their website.

Based in Malaysia. Member of the DSA. They sell ‘health and beauty’ products.


Creative Memories

Credit Repair USA




Their website. The sell knives and kitchen equipment. They started in 1949

They call their reps ‘specialists.’  People can have home parties and recruit people under the company name ‘CUTCO at home’.

Vector Marketing are part of CUTCO. They have Direct Selling reps that just sell the products and are paid a fee for seeing customers. See this Wikipedia article about it.

The company targets college aged people to sell for them and they have been accused of employing very deceptive tactics. There have been a number of law suits against them.

A group called SAVE (Students Against Vector Exploitation) was set up by someone who successfully sued Vector for breaking labour laws.

In 1990 they were sued by the Attorney General in Arizona.

In 2008 they were sued in a class action for failing to pay wages and tricking people into joining up. (Harris v Vector Marketing Corp) The case was last in court in 2010 when the court said the case could go ahead. It is about the company not paying their employees for the two days of training they have to do.



I’ve not found out much about this one. Komodo is a cryptocurrency.

Damsel in Defence/ Defense


Launched in 2015.

DasCoin is the cryptocurrency associated with MLM called Coin Leaders/ Net Leaders. Reps have to purchase a ‘licence’ from Netleaders to participate. It is this licence and membership into the group that is sold.

John Pretto is the owner of Net Leaders. He was high up in the One Coin scam.

Discussion about them in a forum here. They discuss how ‘education’ packages have to be purchased and that people are rewarded for recruiting.

Behind MLM wrote about Dascoin in a less than positive light. It claims that it is a Ponzi scheme.

Twitter account @DasCoinScam are ‘outing the DasCoin scammers one at a time’.

Ethan Vanderbuilt reviewed the company. He says it is a scam.

Dazzle and Daze

Demarle at Home



Digital Altitude/ Aspire

Founded by Michael Force.

Their website.

From their website-


It’s not strictly an MLM, more like a scam aimed at people who want to do better in MLMs.

They have been found to be making false income claims by TINA. They found more than 100 of these claims!

The FTC filed an injunction against them and this was approved in March 2018. For a discussion about the case, see TINA.

From TINA-


Dione Cosmetics

Direct Cellars, sometimes referred to as DC Nation

An MLM wine membership club. They operate in US, UK and Australia.

Companies House information.

Their Facebook page.

Their website is

Owned by Peter Sperling and opened in America in March 2017. UK company details held at Companies House. Incorporated in the UK on 25th March 2016.

Their income disclosure and compensation plan.


There is no retail commission. Participants are paid purely for signing up reps. They have to pay a monthly fee. 40QV has to be spent by the rep each month to remain eligible for payments. This seems to be £88.95 ($125.16). Over 12 months is $1501.92. Add in expenses, and the rep doesn’t earn much. They will probably make a loss.

Discovery Toys


Launched in 2016.

In 2018 they rebranded as Nui. They have a very confusing history, changing names and what they sell. Review at Behind MLM.



Analysis by Lazyman and Money.

Bottle Soup website looks into the financial details to work out how much money can be made in Do TERRA.

DoTERRA have claimed their essential oils have CPTG certification or that their oils are FDA certified. They are not FDA certified. CPTG is a mark made up by DoTERRA, it means nothing. These points are covered in this article.

DoTERRA recommend adding their products to food or drink. (12-24 drops a day). That link has changed since I initially put it here. Here is another link to look at. Here is an image from their website.


Don’t add essential oils to food or drink. It will make you ill or kill you, according to this well researched and informed article by an aromatherapist. They explain how it can be used safely. Here is a statement by the Alliance of International Aromatherapists on using essential oils internally.

CNN news article about the FDA issuing warnings to DoTERRA regarding their claims that their essential oils can cure Ebola.

The FDA warning letter in full to DoTERRA regarding numerous false health claims being made.

This article in the New Yorker is about Young Living, but if you read it, you will find some information about how DoTERRA came into existence and some dramas they have experienced.

Science Based Medicine have looked at DoTERRA a few times. Have a look at these articles here, here and here. Needless to say, DoTERRA and their reps do not have a good grasp of science.

This article is written by someone who was in Doterra. She explains why she thinks it is a pyramid scheme.

Do You Bake

Dot Dot Smile

Their website.

They sell clothes for girls. Their reps are called merchandisers.

Founder is Nicole Thompson in California. Started in 2013.

Dove Chocolate Discoveries

See Mars

DS Max USA Inc

Du North Designs Ltd

Their website.

They sell clothes, with an emphasis on leggings.

DubLi Network

Dudley Beauty

Their website. This can only be accessed in countries where they operate. I have been unable to look at it. They operate in USA, Bahamas, Brazil, Canada and Zimbabwe.

Their Facebook page. The company seems to be aimed at black women/ African Americans.

Started by Joe Dudley in 1957 in America.

Member of the DSA. They sell make up and beauty products. They have salons, a beaty school and a ‘cosmetology university.’

TINA found that Dudley reps were making false income claims.

DXN Holdings Berhad/ DXN Global

Dynamic Essentials

This MLM shut down in 2003 after a class action law suit brought about by the FDA. This was related to illegal and misleading claims for their seaweed product called Royal Tongan Limu. Court papers here. Discussion about it on Casewatch here.

NBTY were the parent company of Dynamic Essentials. NBTY was formerly known as Nature’s Bounty.



Their opportunity website. Their customer website.

They sell shares in the company to distributors or they can ‘earn’ them. The plan is to recruit 2-3 people and get them to recruit 2-3 people etc etc. They say recruitment is easy, you just need to show a video to your prospect, you won’t need to sell, the opportunity will sell itself.

They sell energy, insurance, water, phones, financial products. Most of the sections have ‘coming soon’ written over them. The things they do sell come from a company called Utilico.

“The company was established by two experienced entrepreneurs Andreas Papaiacovou and Ababil Sher“- according to their website.  The website claims they had seen many network marketing companies fail to deliver on their promises, but this one is different.

The company was registered in September 2016. The two company officers named on official documents are Andreas Papaiacovou and Matthew Postlethwaite. Andreas is the director of Utilico, a series of businesses that provide the services being sold by e-conomize.



Electrolux USA

Elk River Soaps

Ella Tina

Their website.

They sell leggings for women and girls.

Elli Kai


Their website. Their website is full of health claims, and the usual disclaimer that they don’t make health claims.

They sell Elevate coffee. They also sell vitamin patches, skin tightener, skin mud and anti-aging serum. This diet website looks at the coffee and discusses some concerns they have.

Joining initially costs $49.97, then there is a $25 fee every month.

Elysee Cosmetics

Emerald Essentials


Empower Network


See Kangen


Official name is ENERGETIX GmbH & Co. KG. Registered in Germany.

Their website.  They sell magnetic jewellery. Apparently millions of people buy the jewellery because they like it and they want to be near magnets????!!!!!

Roland Forster is the sole shareholder and owner. Founded in 2002 as ENERGETIX.

They operate in Peurto Rico, Australia, Eastern Europe, UK, Turkey and Mongolia.

Members of the UK DSA.

Kevin Costner modelled for their catalogue.



Energy Release


Behind MLM did a review on them. Launched in 2016 and sells nutrition products.


Their website.

Currently in pre-launch (As of May 2018).

Their website is full of scenic pictures and bland statements that don’t mean much or identify what they are actually selling. This is from their website-

“A movement with a mission can hold extraordinary appeal, especially for the younger generations who are reshaping the world’s social landscape. Enhanzz is a Swiss-based company, and proudly so. Switzerland is the global icon of quality, precision and reliability. And by identifying as Swiss, we are making our own commitment to exceptional standards in every aspect of our company’s products, operations and appeal. Our outstanding opportunity is designed to add to the increasing amount of worldwide conversations about happiness. There’s an open invitation to everyone, of every age and every background, to join our mission of empowering people and enhancing happiness“.



Their website. They sell ‘chemical free cleaning products’!

Members of the UK DSA.





Epicure Selections


Equinox International

Sold water filters and vitamins. Founded in 1991.

2000 the FTC declared them an illegal pyramid scheme and shut them down.

In 1996 it was listed as one of the top 500 fastest growing companies in the US by Inc Magazine.

Bill Gouldd was the president. He was barred from having anything to do with any MLM for the rest of his life.

Esbe Designs

Sells jewellery by Sarah Blaine.

Essante Organics

Launched in 2009.

Their website. They sell supposedly toxic free products, including essential oils ( known to be toxic), cleaning products, bath stuff and the pseudoscientific pH alkaline nutrition.

Essential Bodywear


European Grouping of Marketing Professionals/ GEPM

Set up by Jean Godzich, a former member of Amway in 1988.

Also known as ‘The Business’ by the followers. The headquarters were in France.

In 1995 the company formed ‘The Grouping’, a team of professional cyclists. These included Luc Leblanc, Ronan Pensec, Pascal Lino and Graeme Obree.

It shut down in 1995 after its members increasingly complained that it was a cult. Wikepedia covers the controversial MLM. The French authorities investigated it.

The former members of GEPM formed a new MLM called AKEO, to be taken over by a company called NOAO.

European Home Retail

This is the company that owned Farepak, the Christmas savings club that went into administration in 2006.

Other subsidiaries were Kleeneze; eeZee TV; I want one of;

Evanescence Network

EVER Skincare

Evergreen Life Products

Evolution Travel

Their website.

They are an online travel agents. They charge a very low fee to do a course and then issue certificates so that members can sell holidays. 80% of the commission earned is kept by the ‘agent’ and the rest goes up the pyramid.

The company very much emphasise the importance of recruiting. Their compensation plan is very very heavily reliant on recruiting. Their compensation plan talks of selling ‘PTAs- Professional Travel Agent’ packages. This is the package new recruits buy. Thus, members are paid for the number of people they recruit. Agents have to pay a monthly fee to be active and ‘earn’ money.


Evolution Travel are not covered by ATOL or ABTA. Agents claim they will be covered soon (claims made in March 2018) because Archer Travel who provide the holidays have bought out Barrhead Travel in the UK. Barrhead were actually bought by North American Travel Leaders Group. News story here. In fact, Archer Travel are members of the Travel Leaders Group. How this relationship will affect the ability of UK agents to claim ABTA and ATOL remains to be seen.



Express 2 System



Their website.

The jury is out on this one. There is a joining fee, starter kits, parties at home and offers for hosts. There are recruitment posters. There is a promise of flexible working and a career opportunity. What is not so obvious is the compensation plan, success days and ‘build a team’ focus. If anyone has any thoughts, please comment.

Family First Life

Family Heritage Life



Fibi & Clo

Fifth Avenue Collection

DSA member

Financial Finders

Financial Halo

Financial Prosperity Alliance

Firebird Management

First Fitness Nutrition


Their website.

They sell supplements aimed at people trying to get fit. They call their reps FITTEAM brand partners.

Their income disclosure can be found by clicking on the link at the bottom of this page.

Here is an extract


They were founded in 2015 so they should really have data to make a proper income statement now. Please let me know if you see it updated so I can update the above statement. $500-$2000 a year isn’t much of an income. I wonder how much people have to spend in order to be eligible for these payments?

Reps have to sell/spend $46.99 a month to be eligible for their commissions and bonuses. If they don’t spend/sell this much two months in a row, they will lose their downline. The payment structure can be accessed by clicking on ‘compensation plan’ at the bottom of this page.

You see where I put sell/spend in red? That is important because it means you don’t need to have any customers. You could just buy products and recruit. Your recruits could just do the same. If there is no need for genuine outside customers, this is a huge red flag. It could mean the company is a pyramid scheme under US rules.

Here is a picture on their website illustrating the ‘opportunity’. This type of picture has been banned by the FTC in their ruling on Herbalife where they were telling them how not to be a pyramid scheme.


A review of the products by a supplement website. They discuss the ingredients and dosing.

Five Star Autoclub

People paid into this to try and get their dream car on lease. Here in one rep’s website explaining how it all works, describing the earning potential, ranks, commission etc.

Legal case here. The FTC said they were a pyramid scheme and that the members were misrepresenting the amount of money people could earn. They were shut down in 2000. The people who set it up were banned from participating in future MLM companies. They had already been involved in quite a few. Mr Sullivan, the main owner, was found to be legally responsible for all the false advertising that was put out by the reps. This was despite him saying he couldn’t be.

FTC timeline of the case.

Flamingo Paperie


Flavon USA


See Kyani

FM World

Their website

A perfume website called Basenotes has a forum discussing the products. They describe the perfumes as not-so-cheap knockoffs. They essentially copy well known brands. Then some FM advocates wade in and exclaim it is not at all pyramidy (yawn).

Food Service Professional

For Days Co. Ltd

For Every Home

For Your Pleasure

Forbes Lux

Force Fuel and Engine Conditioner

Forever Green

Forever Living

Scandal of Forever Living using Great Ormond Street and a children’s illness to sell their products.

Why Forever Living cannot make health claims.

TINA’s investigation into illegal health claims made for FL products.

Newspaper story in Sunday Times about Forever Living targeting health care staff.

Newspaper story in Daily Mail about Forever Living misusing Barclays Bank facility aimed at helping local businesses.

Another Daily Mail article, this one showing what the realities are for people in FL. A follow up piece by Timeless vie about the abuse the whistle blower was subjected to, as well as support from others in the same situation.

A whistle-blower’s story exposing Forever Living and their dodgy practices.

ASA ruling on a Forever Living rep’s advert.

Reality versus expectation in Forever Living- stories from a few ex FL whistleblowers.

Avoiding tax. How some companies funnel money around to avoid tax.

Newspaper article on FL’s owner paying a huge amount of money to an anti gay-marriage campaign.

A whistleblower’s testimony of what happened when they stood up to conflicting advice from Forever Living.

A mother’s story of how she and her team faked success.

For Tails Only

Sells dog treats/ supplies.

For You

Forex Enterourage

Fortune Hi-Tech Marketing

This MLM was declared by the FTC in the USA to be a pyramid scheme and was told to shut down a lot of its operations and pay compensation.

TINA have an article on it.

The FTC’s statement about it.

Forum Technologies

Four Corners Alliance Group


France Lux

Fragrant Jewels

Fred L. Hansen Corporation


Freedom Equity Group



Freeway To Success


Friendly Home Parties

Friends United Network

Fuel Freedom International

DSA listed

Full Life Products

Fuller Brush

Fun Unlimited


Formerly known as Arctic Island. Went bankrupt in 1990 after accusations of it being a pyramid scheme. A lot of the company’s money was allegedly sent to two companies by Robert T. Edwards, the president of Fund America, plunging the company into debt. The Los Angeles Times said

FundAmerica’s two largest creditors are the same overseas entities that its current management has said received $11.3 million in electronic-fund transfers from company founder Robert T. Edwards, who resigned shortly after his July 19 arrest by Florida authorities on pyramid-scheme charges.

No one in FundAmerica management claims to know what the company’s relationship is with Theta Ltd. of the British West Indies or Acheteur International in Amsterdam. Edwards wired millions of dollars to the two entities in the months before his arrest.”

FuXion Biotech USA Corp

G and S Total Rejuvenation

Gano Excel

DSA member



Gel Moment

Founded 2014.


Genesis Global Network

Genesis Pure LivePure

Gia Wellness


Gigi Custom Jewellery

Gigi Hill

Glazer-Kennedy Insider’s Circle

Global Domains

Global Dynamics

Global Health Trax

Global Information Network

Global Innovations

Global InterGold

Global Legacy International

Global Online Systems


Global Prosperity Group

Global Wealth Trade

GNLD International/ NEOLIFE

Members of DSA UK.


Based in Sweden. They sell supplements, skin care, home care, personal care and weight loss products.

Their website. This is the website for NEOLIFE. It is where you are directed when typing ‘ ‘.

Review at Best Company. The review says that there is no money back guarantee, there are poor Glassdoor ratings and you cannot find out any prices unless you enquire with a rep. A person says in the comments that there is a money back guarantee. The Glassdoor ratings are much better now.

Go Foods

GoDesana Organics

Going Nuts

Going Platinum

Gold Canyon Candles

Golden Pride

Golden Sun

Good Life USA

Grace Adele

Grace and Heart

Gray Enterprises

Great Lakes Jump

Great Lif

Green Mountain Energy

Green Organics

Green Valley Plant Rentals

Green World

Greeting Cake Company

Grubby hands

Analysis by Timeless Vie here.


Gus Presents


H2O At Home

Hanky Panky Parties

Harmony Green America

Harris Global Marketing

Harrison F. Luke, For Profit Motive

Hart2Hart Distributing


Hawaii Grown

Hayward’s Gourmet Popcorn

Healing America

Health Mor (HMI Industries)

The Health Network

Health Resources

Healthy Coffee Business

Healthy Habits Global

Their website.

Based in California, USA. They sell hot drink powders with three herbs in that are alleged to have lots of health benefits. They also sell a substance you can put in your car’s fuel. Founded by Ted FitzGerald (formerly from Gano Excel).

There are 4 levels of joining packages, ranging from $99- $999. People get different access to payment levels depending on how much they pay in.

Science Based Medicine looked at the long list of health claims made for the products in this MLM in 2015.

Here is an example of one of the health claims on their website as of August 2018.


Here is another claim that is ridiculous.


Their income disclaimer says that there is not enough information to be able to give an accurate income disclosure and that one will be produced after a year of operating. This is on their website in 2018. HHG have been around since 2013. Their ‘estimate’ of earnings is between $500 and $2000 gross a year.

A lot of the videos are not working on their website. It is not clear on their website what countries they operate in. Some of their spelling and overall presentation is a little odd and amateur looking.

Behind MLM have reviewed this company. As usual, the comments are worth reading.



Healthy Peach (The HealthStyle Emporium)

Healthy Pursuits

Heavenly Chia

Helix Education

Helo LX/ Helo Globe

This is the ‘wellness band’ of wor(l)d. Their website.

It is like a fitbit. Except the product claims to test blood sugar, blood pressure, respiratory rate, alcohol levels, ECG (electrical cardiac activity) and mood. This video shows how it is worn. You cannot test these parameters with a wrist device. You would need a cuff to compress an artery, blood samples and sensors attached on the chest.


They sell CBD oil. This is a cannabis product.

In 2018 Canada decreed that Hempworx had to stop selling their products in Canada as they were illegal. News article at CBC describes the situation. From the article-


The article reports that the company have not been truthful with the reps. From the article- “The company told affiliates the shut-down to the Canadian market was “due to the increasing demand to bring HempWorx products to Canada and our commitment to compliance.” 



The FTC’s rulings on how Herbalife have to change the way they operate in the US. Made in July 2016. Briefly, they have to pay $200 million in compensation for all the people that lost the most money, they have to ensure that there are real customers (not just Herbalife workers buying stock), there will be an independent compliance auditor ensuring the new rules are followed.

Well acclaimed documentary called ‘Betting on Zero’ about Herbalife, the people it has harmed and the financial battle being fought that is a big threat to the company. It has a 100% rating at Rotten Tomatoes. It is available here, along with a trailer.

Facts about Herbalife scam

Free short video showing experience of Herbalife victims.

A Herbalife victim speaks out.

A selection of articles by TINA about Herbalife.

Brenda’s story. Brenda left Herbalife. Here is her story.

UK income disclosure. 2014. Initially, it looks like the average person earns $5,456 a year, but that is disregarding the 87.1% of people who earned nothing (80%) or the 7.1% that earned on average $48. I think all members should be included in this calculation, after all, it is unfair to include just those that are doing well.

Total people in chart- 554,353

Total money paid out- $392,210,128.

True average yearly payments= $707.51.


Screenshot 2016-06-29 22.39.43.png

Sales and marketing plan.

Herbalife were going to be sponsoring The Great North Run in the UK but there was a Twitter campaign and a petition and Herbalife were dropped. For more, see here.

Heritage Makers

Hillarys Blinds

They appear at number 60 in this list of top MLMs in 2016. Their website doesn’t seem to show any evidence of being an MLM now. I have tweeted the company to ask if they are an MLM.

Holiday Magic

Started in 1964 by William Penn Patrick and shut down in 1974.

Cosmetics company that was accused of using dirty tactics.

AVON sued them because they claimed that AVON were using fraudulent tactics.

They were investigated and taken to court for being a pyramid scheme.  SEC vs Holiday Magic in 1974.

There were numerous schemes operated that charged Holiday Magic members fees to improve their ‘business’. These included Mind Dynamics; Sales Dynamics and Leadership Dynamics.

Hollywood Eye Magic

Their website.

Their sign up form and terms and conditions.

They sell one product- a serum that claims to remove bags under eyes, whether that is due to tiredness, old age, jet lag, allergies, stress, sodium, medication. Reps pay an autoship to get regular products.

Holzman Diversified

Home Interiors

USA division bought by Celebrating Home and still operating in mexico.

Home Land Mortgage Corp

Home Travel Agent

Home Travel Discount Cards

Homegrown Eatery

Homemade Gourmet



Huis Clos

A French MLM.

Hy Cite



I Love Healthy Chocolate

I T P Travel

Iamaa Direct




Igniting Passion

Based in Canada. Sells adult products.

Imarkets Live



In a Pikle


Independent Executive Recruiters

India Hicks

Based in UK. Sells Jewellery and accessories.


Number 5 highest revenues on the DSA’s top 100 list for 2018.

Information Research Center

Initial Outfitters

Initials Inc.

DSA listed

Inkd Up Nails


Innovative Management

Innovative Technologies Corporation of America

Innov8ive Nutrition

Their website. They sell supplements, shakes, energy drinks.

CEO is Heidi Whitehair. They call their reps ambassadors. Launched October 2016.

Interior Design Nutritionals

International Heritage


International Silver Network

Their website.

Their income disclosure states that because the company has not been trading for long, they do not have accurate figures for earnings. They state that after their first year they will do a more detailed survey on pay. As it stands, they estimate that earnings will be $500-$2000 a year.

Screenshot 2016-08-23 20.11.16.png

ISN was founded in 2010. I would have thought they have had enough time to put together an income disclosure by now. Could it be that they don’t want to? Or have they done it and decided not to share that information?


There is a review of ISN by Behind MLM. They look at the compensation plan and the cost of the silver. Essentially they conclude that the compensation plan is unclear and over complicated (33 pages) and their products are cheaper elsewhere. There is a monthly fee and an obligatory purchase to make. They conclude that the commission is biased towards the number of people you recruit and the amount of autoship payments paid by these recruited people.

Internet Lifestyle Network

Internet Opportunity Group

Intimate Expressions


Based in Australia/ New Zealand.

They sell adult products.

InTouch VOIP

Ion Cosmetics


Isagenix- cutting through the crap  This is a blog post I did on Isagenix, including financial and product analysis.

TINA’s investigation into illegal health claims for Isagenix products.

This is their Income Disclosure. For analysis of this, see the above link. 0.36% of members earned above the poverty line. And that isn’t taking into account all the stock, expenses and tax, which can be hundreds or thousands of dollars.


This Australian article looks at the business model, a member’s account, and an analysis of the products.

An article by a well qualified nutritionist explains why the ingredients in the products aren’t what they seem. The article is called “How Isagenix Lies To Its Distributors And Consumers About GMOs, Preservatives, And Artificial Ingredients”

A doctor who fights against health frauds has written about the absurd health and science claims that Isagenix claim. Some of them are bizarre. Here is one quote

The claims on the Isagenix website are a mishmash of pseudoscience, myth, misrepresentation, and outright lies. For example:”  She goes through quite a few of these silly assertions that Isagenix make.

Ethan Vanderbuilt analyses Isagenix here.

It Works

Dr Bill Sukala (an exercise physiologist) reviews the products.

Truth in Advertising (TINA’s) evaluation.

Lazy Man and Money’s assessment of It Works.

Income disclosure statement. This shows the average earnings of its members is $189 / £128 and that this does not include expenses which run into hundreds or thousands of dollars each year.

Screenshot 2016-06-22 21.47.15.png

Screenshot 2016-06-22 21.57.08.png

This Fitness columnist has written a really informative article on It Works entitled “The Secret Of Weight Loss Wrap “It Works!” Is That It Fucking Doesn’t”.



J. Elizabeth

They sell women and children’s clothing.

J. Hilburn

They sell custom suits.

J P Mailing Profit

J.R. Watkins

See Watkins Incorporated

JAFRA Beauty/ Beauty

See Vorwerk Worldwide


A Jamberry escapee’s tale.

Another story of a Jamberry escapee.

Bottlesoup have analysed the earning potential for reps.

A follow up post about the above article and the fallout from it.

UK company information at Companies House.

Income disclosure statement on page 2 of their compensation plan.  They only include people that have been in the company for a year. That is excluding an awful lot of people from the statistics. In MLMs, it has been shown that 80-90% of people leave within the first year. The earnings shown below are from the people that have persevered against the odds.

Screenshot 2016-06-24 22.53.34.png

Terms and conditions. These state-

Screenshot 2016-06-25 21.56.14.png

Here are the points for individual items.

Screenshot 2016-06-25 22.14.21.png

An application kit costs £12.50 Sellers buy at wholesale price of 60% which means they need to spend £75 a month or sell £125 of stuff. This adds up to £900 a year of personal product costs. In CAD$, this is $1061. For someone earning $36- $998 a year, this is not great. (disclaimer- the pound is undergoing a massive flux in value due to the Brexit drama so these comparisons may be different in a few week’s time.)

PEOPLE HAVE TO SPND MORE THAN THEY EARN IN JAMBERRY. The only money to be made is by selling the products bought. Good luck with that. Or of course, attempt to recruit loads of other people and getting them to recruit loads of people.

Timeless Vie interview a Jamberry escapee. The £600 sales targets they talk about there are to remain a consultant. The £900 I mention is to qualify for bonuses.

Jamie At Home

They sold kitchenware

Janice Collection

This is a brand under Gemstra. They sell wax burners.


Java Momma

They sell coffee


JBloom Designs

JD Promotions

Jerky Direct

Closed and reopened under new management with new products and structure — Beef Jerky Products.


TINA’s evaluation.

Income disclosure. 86% earn less than $213 a year.

Screenshot 2016-06-24 22.59.02

Lazyman and Money’s assessment.

Class action being taken against Jeunesse for being a pyramid scheme, as reported by TINA.

TINA’s list of illegal health claims for their products. It’s a long list.


Jewel Kade

Purchased by 31 gifts. They sell jewellery and handbags.

Jewelry in Candles

Sold scented waxes and body products with jewellery. Shut down. Reps directed to Gemstra.


Brand under Gemstra. Scented candles with jewellery.

Jewelry In Candles

Jewels By Park Lane



JK Apparel

Based in Canada. Sell women’s clothes.

The Job Marker

Jockey Person To Person

John Amico Haircare products

Jordan Essentials

Make up, skincare and home products. Founded 2000.



This company is actually called NSA which stands for National Safety Associates. NSA is on all their paperwork. It seems NSA is the company, Juiceplus is the product. In the past they have sold fire safety equipment, water filters, air filters and children’s books. NSA was founded in 1970 by Jay Martin, who is still the CEO now. In Europe, the company is registered in Switzerland.

Oncology journal article warning against using Juice Plus during chemotherapy.

Review of their so called research. Juice plus people bring out this research to back up any and all claims they make about their products.

A critical look at Juice Plus by MLM Watch.

You can be promoted or demoted by your upline, which is quite unusual in MLM circles apparently. This pro-MLM website explains it at the bottom of the post.

An article in the Independent about Juiceplus and other MLMs. It is from 1995 but it is still relevant today.

The Juiceplus starter guide. How to prospect people, how many you have to recruit and how much to sell/buy to earn any payments.

Juiceplus do not provide an income disclosure statement so we cannot accurately see what expected earnings can be. The Canadian Juiceplus website has this image. It isn’t very detailed but it is the best I could find. Which should be concerning in itself.

Screenshot 2016-06-30 22.20.49.png

Juiceplus run a child health study that provides free Juiceplus capsules to children aged 4-18 if they take part in a survey. As long as an adult commits to buy Juiceplus for themselves for a year. At a cost of £246- £693. And they fill in 6 questionnaires. This is not very free.


Juiceplus’ doctor, Dr Mitra Ray recommends pregnant women take Juiceplus tablets-

Screenshot 2016-06-30 20.51.11.png

Pregnant women should not take any supplement that have vitamin A in, as well as avoiding too many foods with naturally high levels of vitamin A. Doing this could damage your baby. This information is from the NHS website.

Screenshot 2016-06-30 20.59.56.png

There is vitamin A in Juiceplus products-

Screenshot 2016-06-30 20.57.05.png

Just Jewelry


Juuva USA

K and REnterprises of Ol jump

K and K Designs

K Par K

A French MLM.

Kaeser & Blair

They sell promotional products. Established in 1894.

Their website. They call their reps ‘Business Owners’. At first this looks like just a direct selling model but upon scrutiny, you can recruit people and earn off their sales. They describe their recruits as having a  ‘sub business.’

They don’t have an income disclosure statement.

Kalo & Co

Kang Ting

Kangen water

The assumption made with Kangen water is that your body works better if it is alkaline. A very basic understanding of human physiology will show you that everybody has to have a blood pH of 7.35-7.45 for you to stay alive. Changing it outside of these small parameters will kill you. Luckily, drinking alkaline fluids will not change your body pH. It may affect the pH in your stomach though, which is supposed to be about pH2. If it is made less acid, you can’t digest nutrients properly. But, as ever, the danger with MLM isn’t with the pseudoscience, it is with the financial aspect and the effects being in an MLM will have on you and your relationships.

Lazy man and money’s assessment.

Kangen water is made by a Japanese company called Enagic.

Enagic in hot water in Japan. Story on false claims made for Kangen water and their ‘opportunity’.




They sell gold. Head office in Germany, gold products made in Turkey. Founded in 2011.

Their website. 


Karl Jacobson

Kasly Ju


KEEP collective

Their website. They sell jewellery. Their reps are called designers.

Jessica Herrin formed this company, the same Jessica that started Stella and Dot.

Keep Me Safe Organics

They sell make up.

Kele N Co


Kemp Enterprises


Kilambe Coffee

The Kirby Company

Kitchen Fair

Kitsy Lane

KK Assuran

Kleeneze, also referred to as Klife

BBC report on the company going into administration in April 2018. The article says 5000 reps and 114 employees will lose their positions.

Their website.

They have a catalogue that distributors deliver to people’s door and then collect payments for orders. There are no territories though so sellers could end up competing with each other.

Distributors have to pay for catalogues.

This blog lists all the problems with Kleeneze and compares it to a cult.

A newsletter for Kleeneze. ( Spot all the persuasive messages to entice people in and keep them trying to make money.



Koritnik and Associates/ Shaklee


Kuol Cat


TINA’s evaluation.

Kyani in trouble about lies they told about their products. They made numerous false health claims.

Lots of illegal health claims for Kyani made in the USA, compiled by TINA.

37.8% of active distributors earned more than $10 or more in a year. Here are their earnings.

Screenshot 2016-06-24 23.09.49.png


L’Bri Pure N Natural

They sell cosmetics and skincare.

L Paige Lipstick

La Bella Baskets

They sell gift baskets, charms, candles.

Lady Godiva Beauty

Landmark Forum

Their website.

This company isn’t strictly an MLM, although members are expected to recruit people into this self-improvement group. It promises to improve your life- at a cost. Have a read of this person’s experience when she and her friends went to a meeting about it.

Latasia Beauty

Latoka Engineering


Le Reve


Le-Vel’s website.

Iron Beaver analyses Thrive from a fitness perspective.

Truth in Advertising’s analysis of Le-Vel.

There is no income disclosure. They do not want you to know how much their people earn.

Information from TINA on adverse health effects from Le-Vel’s products.

Advertising Standard Authority‘s ruling against Le-Vel.  It is interesting to read in the ruling how Le-Vel treated their rep.

Lazy Man and money‘s article about Le-Vel. For which they are suing him. He won his court battle.


Lean Java Bean coffee (product sold by Vitae Global)

See this analysis in a Botwatchblog post about this MLM.

Their coffee is billed as ‘clinically proven’ to help weight loss. It is nothing of the kind. The post above analyses this research and looks at the ingredients.

I am currently investigating this company. More to follow in due course.

Legacy Designs

Brand under Gemstra

Legacy For Life


Their website.

This company sell legal cover. There are a network of lawyers that customers can contact if they need legal help. Their reps are called ‘associates’.

They operate in the US and Canada.

Their income disclosure. This is for 2015. Their figures show that only 2.5% of their associates managed to make a sale in that year. It cost $249 to join, plus the cost of becoming licenced. The information provided about earnings only relate to the 2.5% that made a sale.

legal shield

Ethan Vanderbuilt  believes it is a scam.

Legging Army

Their website.

A complaint about the product and customer service.

The website does not use https so transactions are not as secure as they can be.

Lemongrass Spa

Founded 2012. Sell make up,essential oils and skin care.


Member of UK DSA.

Their website.

They sell products to ‘help’ the entrepreneur. They also sell gold. Their reps are called trainers.

Let Us Close

LG Household and Healthcare

Based in South Korea.

Bought out AVON Japan for $96 million in April 2018.

Lia Sophia (Outlet by Lia Sophia)

Do you remember Victor Kiam? He is the man that was in the Remington adverts and said that he liked the products so much, he bought the company. In 1986 he bought a company called Act II and called it ‘Lady Remington’.

Victor passed on Lady Remington to his son, Tory and Tory’s wife Elena Kiam. They renamed it Lia Sophia. They sold costume jewellery in America and Canada. Reps were called ‘advisers’.

In 2014 the company shut down. Read a newspaper story about it at the time.

When you go to their website now, you get this message.


This is the website where you can put in a claim if you ever bought a starter kit from this company. The deadline for applying was April 9th 2018. On June 6th 2018, there will be Final Approval hearing. See the previous link to follow any developments.

Here are the legal details of the case, obtained from the above link. The document says that a settlement was reached after extensive legal battling where the company was accused of


The reps were upset because the lifetime guarantee on the jewellery was revoked, and because the owners knew they were going to shut down but continued to encourage recruitment and purchases for 6 months.

Lia Sophia were members of the DSA (Direct Selling Association).

There were concerns about the business when it was running. This Consumer Affairs article addresses the problems of lead being an ingredient in the jewellery (including the children’s lines), overly expensive prices and poor quality of the items.

Life’s Abundance

Life Force

Life Plus

Members of DSA UK. They sell nutritional supplements. This seems to be a ‘referral business’ instead of an MLM. People get a fee when someone buys a product and mentions the referrer.

Their website.

Life Leadership

Life Plus

Life Shotz/

Life Tree World

Update-  10th March 2017.

Lifetree World has now been liquidated, leaving many creditors. A lot of members had purchased goods and never received them, and many had bought into programs that promised more profit for them. They have all lost their money now. The only assets the company had when it was closed down was a car that still had finance on and some pretend money in a ‘Gateway’ account. This amounted to -£885 in assets and a total of £454,319 owing to everyone. Companies House have all the documents if you want to look at the details.

We won’t have heard the last of them though. Previous players in this company have gone on to form another MLM and another MLM team which moves people from MLM to MLM, ensuring a few of them will always be at the top of a pyramid somewhere. More on this in future blog posts.

Life Tree World have not been accepted by the DSA as members. They have disappeared from the prospective list.

There was a  dispute between LTW and a supplier, culminating in court action. A petition is due to be heard on 11/07/2016 for insolvency, brought about by a company called Per-Scent Ltd. I am told they agreed to pay the company in instalments and they were not shut down at that time.

Payment scheme

Overview of LTW

‘Prize car’

Netmums discussion– This discussion has now been deleted by Netmums.



Lifestyle Innovations

Lifestyles USA


Their website.

They are a ‘wellness and personal care company’. They claim “we’ve done studies”.

Their studies can be found here.  A lot of the studies were written by Joe M McCord, who was a well paid employee (Director of Science) of LifeVantage. Wikipedia report that McCord earned a fee for each time Protandim was sold.  Wikipedia has a very thorough account of Protandim and the controversial issues that surround it.

In 2017 LifeVantage got a warning letter from the FDA for making many, many health claims that they had no business making.

Science Based Medicine have written numerous posts about Protandim and the pseudo health claims. They take a close look at the research and also write about reps’ reactions to the analysis they performed.

For financial analysis of the company on the stock market, read this. Here are their profits over the last years in this order 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013.


Their income statement.

Here is a quote from that document-

“There were approximately 63,000 total U.S. Distributors during the period, with approximately 48,500 U.S. Distributors paid in the same period.
Note: These figures do not represent a Distributor’s profit as they do not consider expenses incurred”.

This means 14,500 earned nothing at all, before expenses.


This chart shows that 23 % earned nothing and 58% earned less than $79 a month.  That’s 81% earning less than $79 a month before expenses.

August 9th 2018, TINA report that LifeVantage are facing a lawsuit claiming they are a pyramid scheme.


Lightyear Wireness

Lilla Rose

Limitless Worldwide

Limelight by Alcone

This MLM sells makeup and is based in New York. Their reps are called Beauty Guides.

Here is their website.  They only operate in the USA. You can read their terms and conditions if you get to the application stage. You don’t have to give any information to get to this stage, you do need to choose which starter kit you want.

There is a monthly charge to maintain the third party site the guides get paid through, and a charge for withdrawing money from it. There are yearly renewal fees. There are monthly fees for having a company website to sell products from, this is not optional.

Pissedconsumer website lists some complaints about this company. Some issues- problems with orders, reps lying, cosmetics not as free from nasty chemicals as claimed by the company.

Excellent blog piece here that asks the ten questions you should ask yourself if you are thinking of joining Limelight by Alcone. It could apply to a lot of MLMs.

Limu/ The Limu Company

Lindt chocolate RSVP

Yes, this is Lindt, as in the nice chocolate that you can buy in shops.

This blogger had a Lindt party after the company sent her the products.

They shut down in 2013 due to ‘low sales and the high cost of business’. Story here on the closure.

Linen World


This is the product sold by the MLM known as SeneGence International.



Live Bionic

Live Body Coach

Live Green


Livesmart 360

Livingston Avenue Community Empowerment


The Longaberger Company

Owned by JRJR Networks.


Lorraine Lee Linen

Love What We Do



Adult products.

Loving Works

LR Beauty and Health/ LR Health and Beauty

Based in Germany.


This is an MLM that, thankfully, is not in the UK. It seems to just be in the US. They sell leggings. Some issues with this company are-

Their leggings have been criticised as very poor quality, with them ‘ripping like wet tissue paper’. Many people are unhappy about them and trying to get refunds. Reps are refusing to refund because it will cost them.

They are in trouble for charging people tax in some states where tax should not be charged. This is the subject of legal action.

The reps don’t get to choose the patterns on the leggings. They just buy a batch and hope they are good ones that will sell well.

This is the consultants’ contract. Some information for consultants who want to leave-

2017-05-18 (4)

Income disclosure statement.  Here is a snippet “The average annual bonus payments made by LuLaRoe to ALL U.S. Consultants at all ranks (which includes Eligible and Ineligible Consultants) in 2015 was $91.65, and the median annual bonus payments made to ALL U.S. Consultants at all ranks in 2015 was $85.80. ”  YEARLY bonuses of $85.80! And that’s not taking into account of the losses they most probably made buying the products. 87.04% of reps did not earn a cent. The document states that costs can be hundreds to thousands of dollars.

There is now a 2016 income disclosure that, on the surface, looks better as “The average annual bonus payments made by LuLaRoe to ALL U.S. Independent Retailers at all ranks (which includes Eligible and Ineligible Independent Retailers) in 2016 was $2,064.77. ”  Look closer though, and you find that most people don’t get paid any bonus, and of those that do, they don’t get much. As usual, it is the very few at the top that earn anything decent, pushing the average figures up.

2017-05-18 (2)

The above table shows that only about a quarter of people in Lularoe earn anything, and of those that do, 99.84% earn $5103 a year before expenses. They have a lot of expenses.

For stories, have a read here-

news article with links.

Lulaoe say no Twitter account highlighting latest news.

Scary Mommy Blog post about the refund problem.

Bottlesoup have doe an analysis on the earning potential for reps.

Truth In Advertising’s summary of Lularoe’s problems.

Mommygyver on twitter is campaigning for LuLaRoe’s reps trying to get refunds when they leave the company. Many people are left thousands of dollars out of pocket. LuLaRoe are taking legal action against her to get her to reveal her sources for her stories.

3rd December 2017 another lawsuit commenced against them. This one accused the whole company of being set up to con people and is responsible for making many women losing everything while he owners made hundreds of millions of dollars.

This is a really well researched Businessweek article on what goes on in LuLaRoe, from the lowly people struggling at the bottom, to the top ‘mentors’ who experienced troubling things.

LuLu Avenue


Lyoness (also known as Lyconet in places)

Article by Behind MLM.

Dragons’ Den Canada where someone tries to pitch Lyoness to the Dragons. They don’t get the funding. Watch it from 25 minutes in.

Income disclosure statement.

Screenshot 2016-06-24 23.14.00.png

The figures in this chart are abysmal. ‘The median income of all members was $0.04’. The median is the middle number if all the numbers are lined up in order. It is what most people earn. 4 cents a year is horrendous!

January 2018 Lyoness have been told to stop operating in Norway due to them being a pyramid scheme. The government found out that income was mainly made up from recruiting people, and not sales. This article is in Norwegan but you can use Google translate to get the gist of what is being said.

An analysis of lioness and the link to cults is discussed in detail at MLM The American Dream turned nightmare.

Their website. Mr Kerry Brown is the founder of this MLM, his title is ‘headmaster’! Launched January 2017.

They sell ‘hydration and weight loss products’.

Their compensation plan.

Their Facebook page.

The Supplement Police looked at the supplements and find the ingredients are the same as energy drinks but without the calories. They express concern that there are no clinical studies available even though the company claim their products are ‘scientifically proven’.

M.O.M. Team


Maddy Moo Creations

Maddison Handbags


Magnolia and Vine

Main Street Auto Repair

Man Cave

Now closed. Sold things to do with cooking meat. Featured in a Penn and Teller documentary about pyramid schemes in a series called Bullshit! The episode was called easy Money and you can watch it if you have Amazon Prime.

Their home parties were called MEATings.

They operated in America only. Their compensation plan and other information is on the MLM Legal website.

Video here on the ‘opportunity’.

Man Cave seem to have somehow evolved into a different entity altogether, no longer selling through the MLM method. They now seem to be called ‘Mighty Spark Food’. They sell food products in shops and donate a meal to the poor for each item they sell.

Manna From Heaven



Market America

Their website.

Something to do with online shopping-

“Market America’s UnFranchise Business is a proven plan for your financial success. Market America Worldwide provides systemization, standardization, state-of-the-art management systems, merchandising and marketing tools, growing visibility & the opportunity to own multiple business locations”. I hope that’s clear.

It seems to be a scheme where you shop through their website and earn commission.

Started in 1992 by J R Ridinger. Operating in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Mexico, Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

According to one MLM reviewer– “There is an initial set-up fee of $130, a monthly fee of $20 and a $99.95 yearly fee. In addition, you are expected to purchase hundreds of dollars of product from Market America at the start, and ongoingly to keep up your personal business volume.”

This scathing review on Pissed Customer tells how a woman joined up and became so involved in it, the marriage crumbled and finances were destroyed. Here is an extract

“If your spouse is getting involved with this, do everything you can to get them out of it before it’s too late. If your friends are getting into it, tell them you aren’t interested. If some random stranger approaches you in a coffee shop about it throw hot coffee in their face and walk away.

Seriously, this company is a scam and a cult. It’ll empty your bank account before it puts anything inside of it.”

Bot Watch does not advocate throwing hot coffee in people’s faces.

Marketing True Residualome

Marly Ray


Mary and Martha

Mary Kay

Their website.

Pink Truth, a website dedicated to exposing Mary Kay and also touches upon other MLMs.

Ten reasons not to join Mary kay. Number 5 is that you have to wear a skirt to all company events!

Pink Truth Discussion board. See what people are saying.

Earnings disclosure from their Canadian website.

Screenshot 2016-06-25 10.19.36.png

The above statement is only counting people who have been involved for a year or more. Most people leave MLMs within a year so the vast majority of people in this scheme (29,614) have been totally disregarded. These figures apply to people who have spent $2700 on products over the year. 47% of them earned over $100. Not great.

A website called Families Against Cult-Like Expoitation in Sales has a bit about Mary Kay.

Stories from victims of Mary Kay.

MaskCara Beauty

Their website. Founded by someone called Cara. Hence Maskcara.

Founded 2017. Their reps are called Beauty Artists.

Matsumoto Noella Hauoli


Max Sales


Megan’s Pantry


Mega Holdings





Products contained ephedrine and was used for weight loss.

2006 they shut down as it was made illegal by the FDA to sell ephedrine for that purpose in 2004.

Wikepedia entry.

Matilda Jane

Max and Madeleine

Maxwell Clothing


Their website. They sell meal replacement shakes aimed at weight loss. Founded in 1980 by William Vitale.

Take Shape for Life are what the MLM arm are called.

Medifast have been accused of being a pyramid scheme. Medifast sued the accuser for defamation but the courts did not uphold the claim. Read about it here on Fraud Files. Further details of the case here.

The reps are called coaches.

Mona Ameli was appointed to the DSA board in 2015. She is the president of DSA member Take Shape for Life.


Menard Cosmetics


This company sold supplements but when there was a ban on ephedra, the company went out of business.

In 2002 the Justice Department investigated the company for lying about adverse effect reports made by users of their products. The document says that there were 2000 adverse reports but that Metabolife had told the FDA there were none. The report in the link is quite scathing of the company and accuses them of acting with indifference, with little regard for people’s lives. This USA Today story details the FDA concerns about the company and the product and an individual person in Metabolife.

2005- This little sentence appears in a newspaper article about Metabolife and the tax evasion they were being accused of-“Metabolife co-founder Michael Ellis still faces weapons charges and charges that he lied to federal regulators about the safety of Metabolife 356.” This newspaper article describes how Ellis was a convicted felon (drug charges) and was being prosecuted for owning weapons and ammunition that he shouldn’t have had.

The San Diego Source describes how “Michael Blevins, 54, a high school friend whom Ellis made a Metabolife board member was indicted in 2003 for federal gun charges. Like Ellis, Blevins was barred from possessing weapons for his role in the same 1988 meth lab bust. Blevins served time in prison; Ellis, who worked as an undercover FBI informant, received probation.” The article gives details about Ellis’s gun charges.

2006- William Bradly, a co-owner of Metabolife was convicted of tax evasion and sentenced to 6 months in prison. This San Diego Union Tribune story covers the issue. An extract from the article- ‘According to assistant U.S. attorneys Phillip L.B. Halpern and Kyle W. Hoffman, Bradley used various schemes to avoid paying taxes, including diverting corporate profits, improperly classifying corporate income, failing to report personal income from his towing company and using a charitable foundation to conceal income.’ 

This website lists links to Metabolite news stories with a summary for each one.

Mi Lifestyle

Their website.

This is an Indian company that sells supplements.

MiA Bath and Body

They sold customised bath products. Set up By Steph Appleton in 2012, after she left Bathologie. Bathologie accuse Steph of stealing their concept and set up a FaceBook page to publically show everyone their evidence.

Mia Bella Scent Sations

Mia Mariu


Michael S. Brown


This company sells handbags with changeable covers.

Their website. They were founded by Michelle Romero and Annette Cavanness in 2005.

They sued Thirty One Gifts (another MLM) for copyright infringement in 2011. The courts decided there hadn’t been a breach. See entry under ‘Thirty One Gifts’ for links to the case details’ and links.

They went into liquidation in 2016.


MICHE are still active in Canada and Europe. They host parties and have reps that earn commission but I am unsure if they are still an MLM company.


Mid American Opportunity Research Enterprises



Mile High Management Systems

Millenium Innovations

Miller Marketing South

Mineral Resources


Their website. A Utah company that believes in ‘living clean’ and avoiding ‘bad chemicals’.

Some of their reps have been selling their products under the pretence of helping people with cancer.

Moja Works



Mommy 2 Work

Mon Ami Gourmet


Their income disclosure statement


At first, this income disclosure doesn’t look too bad. $1,536 yearly income is quite a look for MLM. Then, look at the small print underneath.

2017-11-03 (1).png

The above chart only includes people who have managed to recruit someone, spent money within the last 8 weeks, and worked enough to receive a bonus. 87% of people have not achieved that, and presumably their earnings are going to be close to $0.

Lazy Man and money has a lot to say about MonaVie.

“What I’ve found is tons of irrefutable evidence supported by reputable third parties that MonaVie is a grossly overpriced product, with little nutritional value, wrapped in a poor business opportunity that appears to be illegal pyramid scheme, supported by nonsensical “scientific” studies and illegal medical claims.

In 2009 Oprah Winfrey’s company sued MonaVie over claims that her and Dr Oz’s names were used to promote the products.

This juice website compares Monavie products to an apple. Guess which one is better for you?

Law suits and FDA warnings.

Their website says that Mona Vie is a Jeunesse product.


They sell hair products.

Their website.

Their policies and procedures.

I have been unable to find an income disclosure for them.

They have a lot of ex-reps and customers not happy about customer services, refunds or shipping arrangements. The BBB has quite a few complaints. So does Ripoff Report.

There have been lots of reports of Monat producs damaging people’s hair and reps telling them they are using the products incorrectly. This stylist blogger explains about why the products are harmful.

This article looks into the claim that Monat products were tested at Princeton University. They weren’t.

Class actions are being made against Monat for the damage they claim has been done to their hair. Some reps have been saying they are FDA approved. They aren’t. News story here.

TINA found that MONAT have been making lots of false income claims.

Morinda Bioactives

Motives Cosmetics/ Motives by Loren Ridinger

Their website.

Unsurprisingly, they sell cosmetics. They operate in America, UK, Hong Kong, Australia, Singapore, Taiwan and Malaysia.

Motorclub of America (MCA)


Multi-Level Marketing Inc


Multiplex Systems


Mustang Marketing

MPB Today

MWR Life

MXI Corp.

My Amelia James

My Club 8

My Daily Choice/ MDC

Their website.

Their products list health claims and then say at the bottom that their products aren’t intended to treat anything.

Some of the ingredients they use- deer antler fur, emu oil, coral, apple stem cells. Some of the health claims- ‘balances pH levels, reduces risk of chronic illness, combats anxiety’.

One of their products has melatonin as an ingredient. This cannot be sold in the UK unless there is a prescription and it is sold in a proper chemist. There are only a few circumstances where this drug is appropriate. It is illegal for people in the UK to sell it, even via a website. Anyone seen selling it this way can be reported to the MHRA/ Trading Standards.

They have a line of products called Hempworx which contain CBD oil derived from cannabis. The psychoactive substance THC is removed. CBD oil is readily available in high street shops like Holland & Barrett.

There is no income disclosure statement.

My Freedom Grocer

My Fun Life



This is an MLM that sells Nyloxin, a homeopathic ‘pain reliever’ made from snake venom. It is made by the company Nutra Pharma Corp.

This is their ‘research’ supporting their assertion that their product helps with pain. The papers are from Chinese papers that look at venom. There is no evidence offered at all for the homeopathic remedy at all. Homeopathy is where an ingredient is diluted until there is no ingredient left, it is just water. So the research means nothing.

Review on Behind MLM.


My Secret Kitchen/ Your Inspirations at Home

Owned by JRJR Networks.

In liquidation.

N4U International.

Boyd Wathen cites in his LinkedIn profile that he was a co-founder of this company. He was the man who invented Plexus’ pink drink.

Nanci Corporation

Nancy A Laplante

Nancy serba CPTG Essential Oils

Narges Valikhani/Mazeh

Naris Cosmetics

National Alliance For Insurance Education and Research

National Safety Assocates

Became JuicPlus+

National Wealth Center


Natural Health and Nutrition

Natural Health Secrets II

Naturally Plus

Nature Direct

Australian company selling essential oils.

Nature’s Bounty

See Dynamic Essentials.

Nature’s Sunshine Products

NatureRich Distribution Center

Neal’s Yard Remedies

Neal’s yard exposed as selling an illegal remedy for Malaria on Quackometer.

Their compensation plan is not available  to view until you join up. Likewise, there is no information on how much their people actually earn. Why hide this?

Neese Enterprises

Nefful International/ USA


Nerium International

TINA list many, many problems with this MLM. There are false health and income claims listed on TINA’s website.

TINA found that the DSA gave Nerium an award in 2016, despite it breaking the DSA’s own ethics code.

For updates on the Gerdo v Nerium court case, check out this website.

January 2019, Nerium started rebranding as Neora. See TINA article about this.

Network Marketing


New Earth

New Spirit Naturals

New Success Network Group

New Wave Financial Marketing and Investment


Newbet’s Choice


NHT Global


NL International

This is a French MLM that sells products with the name ‘Laboratoires Beautysane’.



Noonday Collection

North American Power


This MLM sell cleaning products for the house. They are against ‘chemicals’.

Their website.

Terms and conditions.

Ecofriendlymama reviewed their products and found that they aren’t as eco friendly as they claim.

Screenshot 2016-06-25 09.02.40.png

That link to the product manual doesn’t work. Try this link.

There is no income disclosure from this company, which is always a concern. When you get companies openly disclosing that their sellers make £100 a year, how little must they be making for a company to keep it a secret?

Nouveau Riche

This was an MLM that worked by providing training in a ‘university’ about real estate investment. The students were encouraged to invest in property which turned out to be a higher risk than was promised.

In 2011 The Arizona Corporation Commission fined Nouveau Riche for operating a fraudulent investment scam.

Novus Era


Nspire Network

Psudoscientific products with ridiculous claims like ‘chemical free’. Their website.

Their Twitter feed.

An actual advert they use.


Incoporated April 2017 in the UK. Details at Companies House. It is listed as a non-trading company.


Nucerity International

Nu Life

Nu Med

Nu Skin

Nu Skin fined for breaking FTC’s rules. Again.

A Nu Skin whistleblower’s story.

Interesting link between NuSkin and Olympic drug cheats in this New York Times article.

Analysis of earning potential of Nu Skin by Dr Taylor, Pyramid Scheme Alert.

MLM The Truth’s analysis of NuSkin.

Cultish behaviour at a NuSkin convention from MLM The Truth.

An ingredients analysis of NuSkin’s toothpaste.

TINA’s investigation into illegal health claims made for NuSkin products.

NuSkin released an income disclosure in 2011-

Screenshot 2016-07-03 13.33.46.png

These figures use the numbers of current members, discounting all the people (probably a large number) of people who left during the year. The figures show the amount earned by active distributors only, which make up just 41.61% of the total. And of these, only 12.68% actually got a cheque. This means that only 5.28% of people in NuSkin in 2011 actually earned any commissions. Half of these lucky few got paid $492 a year.

A document that shows how NuSkin has attempted to discredit its main whistle blower. Dr Jon Taylor. He provides arguments against their statements.


Numis Network

Bought by World Ventures



Nutrient Foods


Based in New Zealand/Australia.



NWB Guardians


This was an MLM that supposedly sold self improvement courses. It turned out to be a cult that was involved in people trafficking, slavery and sex abuse. Smallville actor Allison Mack was involved and her court case is pending.

News article here.

NYR Organics

Ocean City Network

Ohana Health Wellness


Their website.




video about onecoin

article about onecoin

Ethan Vanderbuilt article on Onecoin organisers arrested in India for running a scam. His website has many other stories on this scheme.

A blockcoin expert describes how Onecoin is a fraud

on Ethan Vanderbuilt’s website.


OPN The Opportunity Company


Their website.

Sells prepackaged food, meal plans and uses ‘personal health coaches’.

Originally was Medifast weight loss food sold through ‘Shape for Life’.

Dr Wayne Scott Andersen was the founder of Shape for Life and was the medical director for Medifast. He is listed as being an anaesthetist and critical care doctor who has written books about dieting. His facebook page gives lots of information about him.



Organo Gold

Their website.

Their income disclosure statement.


They sell coffee and other hot drink powders, many containing Ganoderma Lucidum. This is a mushroom that has no allowable health claims in the UK and can be very harmful to a few different groups of people.

Reps selling this coffee often tout it as a weight loss product. Which it really isn’t. They also claim some ridiculous things as here-

2017-10-06 (2).png

In 2014 Organo were in trouble  with the DSA for pretending to be members. The FTC weren’t happy with them for making inflated income claims and health claims of their products.


They sell beauty products. They originated from Sweden.

They recommend buying ten catalogues every three weeks.

Information from their website.

There is no information on actual average earnings.

This comment is a little concerning- “The compensation plan awards recruiting more independent consultants higher than that of selling the company’s products“. This is from a Best Company review page where people rate the company they work for.

Oriflame were shut down in Tehran in 2010 for operating an illegal marketing scheme and evading tax. Story from the BBC. Oriflame said it was because they employed women and was no different from any other business. This news report  about the Tehran incident makes the case for Oriflame being a pyramid scheme. There is an Iran Oriflame Facebook page now so maybe it is up and active again? Although the last post was in February 2016.

This is one bit of a Glassdoor review. It is a theme that crops up a few times.

Top Management: Most of the mangement have been having same or similar positions on the top for 10-15 years. The men have normally never worked at any other company except for Oriflame and just rotate each others’ chairs despite the company performing poorly for several years.
Sexist: there is definitely a glass ceiling at Oriflame. If you are an ambitious, young woman, there are much more equal opportunities at other FMCG companies. Do not waste your best years here, no mater what they promise. All but a couple of the MDs are men and in top mangement there is only one woman.
Micro management: it is an extremely top down company.
Wavering priorities: the company never stick to their decisions and will change their mind on decisions including company strategy .”

Origami Owl

OXO Worldwide

Oxyfresh Worldwide


Their website here. Distributor agreement here. Section 5 says you must generate 50 points every 28 days. There are no prices given on the website for the products.

This MLM has an odd mix of products. At first it was bedding, now they have added dried fruit powder!?

Amandeep Rajput is the CMO (Chief Marketing Officer). You may have spotted him before. He was one of the people that ran Lifetree World but left before it was liquidated. Link to his current status at Companies House.

Other people involved that are listed at Companies House are

Myrja Oketch, who owns Akom Ltd, a non-specified wholesale company. I can’t find anything about this company.

Harrison Oketch is listed as the Director.

They have both been involved in a dissolved company called Stirling Academy Ltd, and are both now involved in Citizen 2000 ltd which seems to be an educational institution. Myrja is Head of Academics and Registrar and Harrison is the principal. Their website gives information on how international students can apply for Tier 4 visas so they can come and study. Unfortunately though, they were investigated for visa fraud and this status has been revoked, according to The PIE News, an international education website. Here is an article about the investigation and fraud. This page gives a business analysis of Citizen 2000. It seems they may have shut down.


Pacific International Credit

Paid 2 Save

Their website. The founder and CEO is David Hart. He was previously involved in an MLM called Waiora as a Diamond club member.

This company sell memberships to have access to discounts. Reps have to be members of this discount club themselves. There isn’t an actual product. It is ‘pay to play’. There is no mention anywhere what discounts people can get or who the discounts are through. It is all a bit vague.

Review by Behind MLM.

The Pampered Chef

Pangea Organic

Paparazzi Accesories

Their website. They sell costume jewellery and all their items cost $5.

Information about the 4 founders here. They are Misty and Trent Kirby and Chani and Ryan Reeves.

pap Their compensation plan explains that to be eligible for bonuses, a ‘consultant’ must buy 25 items a month (50 PV).

That is a lot of jewellery to collect.


This would explain why reps end up with massive piles of stock like this



This stock and presentation equipment must have cost quite a bit.



There is no income disclosure statement.


Owned by JRJR Networks

Park Lane Jewlery


An MLM company selling candles and accessories. They are owned by Blythe Industries that are in turn owned by The Carlyle Group.

Business guide with all the rules and earnings structure.

Sellers only get bonus cheques once they have sold more than $2,300 worth of candles. The bonus is only 7% of the sales each month. That’s a lot of candles to sell. $14.95 a month is payable to be able to use Partylite’s IT systems. Starter kit $250.

There are monthly sales amounts to achieve.

Screenshot 2016-07-04 13.38.39.png

I cannot find an income disclosure statement anywhere which s always a red flag as it means the company are not willing to disclose what your realistic earnings are likely to be.

Party Time Mixes

Passion Parties

Bought by Pure Romance.

Paw Tree


Peach (formerly called Zyrra)

They sell clothes. They call the type of clothes they sell ‘athleisure wear’.

Their reps are called stylists.

Review by BehindMLM.

Pearl Chic


Perfectly Polished

Perfectly Posh

Their website. They sell soaps and seem to just be operating in the USA. Their policies and procedures. Their commission structure.

One person’s real life experience of being in PP, as told to my partner page The Anti MLM Coalition.

Bottlesoup have analysed the company and found people need to sell at least $550 of product a month to break even. And that doesn’t even take into account expenses.

There is no income disclosure. Here is their excuse-


FDA sent a warning letter to Perfectly Posh for false health claims made for their soaps!

2017 Andrew McBride was terminated from the board. He was a co-founder. Video here. Andrew’s facebook post about the issue. Loads of Facebook posts of infighting between Andrew McBride and Ann Dalton, with a lot of comments from reps. Andrew went on to found BeCause Cosmetics.

Perium Health



Phillips Health International

Phoenix Trading



PIE Transfer

Pink Papaya

Pink Zebra


Founded by LuLaRoe’s founder’s twin. See this Businessweek article for a mention. The origin story for this MLM is exactly the same as LuLaroe’s, according to the article.

Platinum Payout

Plexus Worldwide

Their website. They sell dietary supplements in the USA. They sell the ‘Pink Drink’.

Income disclosure statement


82.41% of reps earnt $301! The median annual commission earnt by all reps was $172.

Lazy Man and Money review the company.

Ethan Vanderbuilt looks at the company.

See the anti-MLM Coalition’s Plexus info page for information.

Pinkdrink is a person who was once in Plexus and is sharing her experiences on her website.

Truth IN Advertising investigated Plexus for their false, rule breaking health claims.

This blogger examines the drink and the ingredients.


PM International


Polaris Global (PMG)

This BehindMLM article has a lot of information on them. There are links at the end of the article for many other articles on the subject.

Poofy Organics

They operate in America and were founded by Kristina Gagliardi-Wilson (CEO) and Nella Gagliardi in 2006.

They sell organic beauty products, essential oils, home cleaning products.

They use testimonials and health claims to sell their products. Check out this eczema cream.

skin hero.PNG

Not all their products are certified organic. Make sure to check each individual product’s details.

Their reps are called guides. There is a monthly fee of $9.95 for the website reps need an a sign up fee of $39.95. Guides are encouraged to spend $200 on products when they join. Hopefuls have to complete training before they can join. Reps have to buy/sell $200 a month to be eligible for commissions and bonuses.

Their terms and conditions.

They do not publish an income disclosure statement. The only information I have been able to find is info put out by people selling the products.


Power Pops

Prai Beauty

Pre Paid Legal Services

Premier Business Systems

Premier Designs

Prepare Then Share

Primebuy Network

One rep’s website promoting the opportunity. They seemed to sell licences for websites and sold things through the websites.

There was a class action by reps accusing this MLM of being a pyramid scheme. Case papers here. Shut down in 2001.


Their website.

They sell insurance and investment products to the North American market. Some reviews by customers and reps here.

Ethan Vanderbuilt declares it is a scam (in his opinion). He alleges that a common ploy these reps engage in is setting up fake job interviews to reel in new prospects. More on that issue on this Consumer Fraud website.

This blogger describes how he was contacted by a Primerica rep to attend a fake job interview. There are over 1000 comments on this post that are worth a read.

This information about earnings is provided on their website section entitled “Important Disclosures.  “From January 1 through December 31, 2015, Primerica paid cash flow to its North American sales force at an average of $6,119 per life licensed representative. Average cash flow includes commissions paid on all lines of business, and reflects combined U. S. and Canadian dollars remaining in the local currency earned by the representative. Exchange rates fluctuate daily and could impact the average.”

They only give payment details for the ‘life licensed representatives’. There seem to be other types of products they sell that do not need any licensing. I wonder how much they make? Or what the real average of their whole salesforce is?

Costs incurred by the reps- “The IBA fee is $103.95 (including applicable sales taxes) and the monthly Primerica Online fee is $28.00.” IBA stands for Independent Business Application. This is a total of $439.95 in the first year. Also, take into account other expenses such as stationery, travel, phonecalls etc.

This is mentioned on the Canadian site– “Any cash flows stated represent gross income only. All commissions are subject to Deferred Commission Account withholding and applicable taxes, and Representatives are responsible for their own business expenses.”

This Seeking Alpha article explains some of the issues. They explain how Primerica have 28% of the licensed reps in the country and only 1.83% of the market share. Also, they say that Primerica were vocal in objecting to rules that made companies sell products that are in the best interests of the customers.

This page gives financial information about the company. On it is this chart-

2017-05-14 (2)

Look carefully at the figures. in Q4 2015, there were 106,710 life licensed reps. In Q4 2016, there were 116,827 reps. This is a net increase over a year of 10,117 of life licenced sales people.

We can see that each quarter there are about 11,000 new life-licensed recruits. (11,144 if we take the average of the quarters provided).

This means that in the 4 quarters of Q4 2015 and Q4 2016, there were 44,576 new life licensed reps (LLR) joining the company.

So in Q4 2015-     106,710 LLR

Between Q4 2015 and Q4 2016  44,576 LLR join up.

This makes 151,286 LLRs in total.

Q4 2016 there are 116,827 reps remaining.

This means 34,459 LLR left the company.

44,576 joined and 34,459 left. For every person that joins, 0.77 leave. That is quite a high churn rate. And this is only counting the reps that made it as far as qualifying for their license.

I wonder if they left because it was too difficult to sell the products? The stats show that life licensed members made on average 0.22 sales per month, equating to less than 3 policies sold in a year.

On Twitter, follow @whatsprimerica or @PriParodyRep for some light relief on the subject of Primerica.

Princess House Inc

Their website.

They operate in the US, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Canada and Australia. They sell homewares. Their reps are called ‘lifestyle consultants’. The company started in 1963.

Owned by Ray Chambers. CEO is Connie Tang.

In 2017 TINA found that Princess Inc were making false income claims.

Privilege Car Club

Registered in the UK at Companies House.

This scheme started in August 2017 in the UK and ended in May 2018. The idea was that people would join up for £199 and pay £50 a month (plus £199 yearly). Then they start recruiting. Once there are 81 people in the downline who have been paying £50 for a number of months, the person is eligible for a car, as long as the people below keep paying in.

Here is a slide from one of their presentations.


As of 3rd May 2018, all evidence of this MLM/ Ponzi/ pyramid is rapidly disappearing. This message has been widely circulated by members of the club.


Although the ‘club’ were saying they were a ‘crowd funding group’, they were operating in just the same way as a Ponzi scheme does. I will keep an eye on any ‘regulatory issues’ as they arise.

For reviews of this scheme, see Behind MLM. The author says in the comments that members of this scheme are saying the website is down temporarily and it has not collapsed. They are still presumably hoping they weren’t involved in a scam.

They seem to be operating in the USA and Panama.

Pro Step

Pro Travel Network

Profitable Sunrise

Shut down in March 2013.


Prosper With Integrity

Prosperity Team

Protégé Marketing Team


PRP Promotions


They operate in the US, Singapore, Malaysia, Macau, Hong Kong, Canada and Australia.

Their website.

Income disclaimer. They say they expect their ‘pruvers’ to earn between $500- $2000.

Their policies and procedures.

Here is their selection of research and articles that support a keto diet. This is a diet that omits carbs so that the body has to break down fats and proteins, releasing ketones as a byproduct. It is quite a leap to assume you can get the same benefits by eating a normal diet and just take ketone supplements. Some research is now showing that taking ketone supplements can worsen athletic performance.

Truth In Advertising show how Pruvit are making illegal health claims, including one of the co-founders, Rob DeBoer. Rob had been ordered to pay compensation for his part in the pyramid scheme ‘Burn Lounge’. The website shows how Rob has been saying his products can help with autism.

Pulse Cosmetics

Pure Alternatives

Pure Haven

Formerly known as Ava Anderson

Pure NRG fx

Pure Romance

Adult products.


Formerly known as Simply Aroma. They sell essential oils, beauty products, nutrition and household products. They claim their products are ‘pure’ and ‘natural’.



Formerly known as Questnet, Goldquest and QI Ltd.



See Amway

Rainbow Vacuum

RBS Life

Red Aspen

RED Safety


Launched April 2018 in California. CEOs are Jason and Eunjung Cardiff. They own Redwood Scientific Technologies as well. RengaLife sell Redwood Scientific Technology products.

They sell medicines that are contained in strips that dissolve in the mouth.

Reps have to   spend $200 a month to be eligible for commissions. There is a mandatory autoship.

BehindMLM review.

Regal Ware

Reliv International

Members of UK DSA. They sell nutritional products.

Their website.

Rena Ware International

Revital U

Another weightloss coffee MLM. Their website.

Their coffee ingredients


They call their reps ‘Brand Influencers’. Reps get paid bonuses for recruiting people. Here is their compensation plan.

Active in Canada, UK and USA.

Amy and Richard McWilliams are Americans that are listed as the directors in the UK business at Companies House. The company was incorporated in May 2017. Amy is the registered owner in Texas, USA. Launched in Texan in September 2017.

There is no income disclosure statement.



This MLM sells capsules containing deer placenta for improving your health!

They operate in Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philipines, Taiwan and Singapore.

Their Twitter account hasn’t been updated since 2015.

A website analysis shows very poor social interaction and almost all of the site visits are from Russia.

People interested in cults might like to look at the opening video on their website.

Rodan and Fields

Their website. Their policies and procedures in America.

Is Rodan and Fields a scam? By Lazyman and money.

There are lots of entries on the consumer site ‘pissed consumer‘ for R&F products and the behaviour of the reps.

Income Disclosure statement.

Screenshot 2016-06-24 23.25.37.png

Rodan and Fields are being sued over an ingredient in their makeup. There is controversy over whether the ingredient should be classed as a drug. Story here. The story from the lawyers who are suing.

eye.PNG Picture from law firm’s website.

Bottlesoup have analysed the earning potential for reps.

An experience from someone who joined R+F, as told on the Anti-MLM Coalition website.


Royal Tongan Limu

This was a seaweed extract product sold by Dynamic Essentials. Misleading and illegal claims were made about this product which ended with the FDA and other authorities shutting down Dynamic Essentials.

Ruby Ribbon


Sabrika Jewelry

Their website. They call their reps ‘consultants’.

Founded by Karin Mayr.


This company didn’t do so well as an MLM so the owner changed it to a more traditional business model. The company has since gone into liquidation. The below information has been left in case anyone wants to see what it was all about. It is outdated information now though.

Their website.

Their Twitter account is @safety4girls. It is an odd mix of crime statistics, Labour party support and information about and from charities that support victims of crimes.

Their product catalogue. You can only purchase these items through contacting a rep or joining yourself.  They sell an odd range of products- rape alarms, car crash escape kits, child locators, red dye spays for spraying at attackers, carbon monoxide detectors, to name but a few. They charge £18 for a 125 decibel gaudy pink attack alarm. This is double the price of alarms found on Amazon that are a lot nicer looking.

As with all MLM products, there is a high markup on the products. Take their ‘Red in the Face spray’ for example. Shown below is Safegirl’s product and the original product.

2017-05-14 (5)

2017-05-14 (4)


Companies House information about this company (Safegirl Ltd) shows the officers to be Andrea Clark, Christopher Shipman and Samantha Shipman. They are also involved in Safegirl Holdings Ltd which is a management consultancy business. Both businesses were registered in November 2016. The Safegirl website mentions Andrea and Samantha but there is strangely no mention of Christopher.

They are a prospective member of the DSA which does not really mean much as it is just a trade organisation.

Safegirl terms and conditions. It describes how Safegirl Sisters (the title reps are given) have to purchase the products and sell them on. It says that profits are only made on sales and there are no monthly obligated purchases.

There are two ways safegirl sisters can join the business-

Sister level- you buy products at 25% discount and sell on. You buy £100 of products and sell for £125, making £25. If you purchase £300 or more in a month, you get a 5% bonus. So if you bought £300 of product, you would get £15 in bonuses and would then have to try and sell it all for £375 to get a further £75 profit. That’s 20 personal attack alarms to sell in a month for £90 profit. Attack alarms that can be obtained much cheaper or free of charge elsewhere. It is worth noting here that if you sold an item to someone online, presumably, you would have to purchase the item and pay the P&P to send it to your customer. This would nibble into your profits a bit. Then there’s taxes and expenses too, of course.

Sponsor level- You will earn a small percentage of your downline’s sales as long as you purchase £300 of products in a month.

I do wonder if this company is being discriminatory by naming their sales reps ‘safegirl sisters.’  There seems to be no provision for men who want to join. This Telegraph article discusses research and expert opinion that found feminized job descriptions actually encouraged discrimination against women. It says the job holders were perceived as less professional and devalues women. This is at odds with a company that claims to ’empower women’.


This MLM has been popular with people leaving Lifetree World.

It is supposedly a cashback scheme where you register your top 10 retail sites and a pay method. You then have to send copies of receipts to Saivian to get 20% cashback. You have to pay $128 every 28 days to be a member in this scheme. This means you have to spend $625 every 28 days to break even. Never fear though, just recruit people to earn money off them. You can just recruit people and pay your fee, you never need to use the cashback scheme at all. Hmmmm. It is only available in the USA. Everyone else can just join the global option where you get cashback for travelling.

A review by avertscams.

Behind MLM review looks into a bit more detail about the compensation plan and the organisers. They conclude it is a pyramid scheme.  It is worth reading the comments at the end of that article for what happened to the company. It looks like Saivian are no longer operating in the US. There are some serious problems discussed in the comments.

They shut down in October 2017, blaming ‘rampant fraud perpetrated against our company’. Their website comment explains.


The BBB page for Saivian gives a link to the American website. When you click on it, this is the page you get.



Salad Master

Sanki Global

SAS Spurilla

They have been found making false income claims. Check out this TINA page where they show them.


They sell candles and car air fresheners. Their website. They sell Mia Bella products.

There are some serious accusations levelled at the company on this Ripoff Report website.


Their website. They sell fragrant waxes that you burn, soft toys and cleaning products.

Operates in US, UK, Germany, France, Spain, Austria, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Luxembourg, Australia and New Zealand.

‘Tiff” tells her story on the realities of being in Scentsy in this blog post on the Anti-MLM Coalition website.

They call their annual conference a ‘family reunion’.

Income disclosure for 2014 for the US. They have quite a high churn rate. About a third of their members left in 2014 and were no doubt replaced continuously.


scentcy income.PNG

This chart shows that 102,973 out of 105,192 active reps earned less than $1870 a year.

A 2017 UK income disclosure.


How much does it cost to remain ‘active’? You need to pay £85 to join and pay a fee for the website of £10 a month (free the first month). This costs £196 (plus local tax and shipping- about £17 tax and £10 shipping), so the first year costs £223 just to be in the company.

How much do they need to sell/buy to be eligible for any commission/ bonuses? Their website says this “Scentsy Consultants must generate sales resulting in 200 points or more in PRV in at least one month within any contiguous three-month period. The 200 points in PRV can come from individual customer orders, party orders or online orders made through your Personal Website (PWS).” This kind of makes it hard to work out exactly what it costs to earn anything, a tactic used by all MLMs. It was 150 PRV but was increased to 200 in March 2017.

This rep has a page on her website on how to achieve 200PRV a month and she says 1PRV is about $1. A lot of her tips are to buy it yourself. This would add £570 minimum a year if you were to spend equivalent $800 a year ($200 every 3 months) to your costs.

Total spend- £793 in first year, plus marketing materials, P&P etc.

Average amount earned- £602

Loss of at least £191

(2,379,465 earned by group 1, 1,518,692 earned by group 2, total amount earned 3,898,157 by 6,466 people.)

Truth in Advertising looked at their false income claims and found quite a few. Click on this link to see them.

Scout and Cellar

Seacret Direct

Opened in 2005 in Scottsdale Arizona. It was set up by two brothers- Izhak Ben Shabat and Mordechai Ben Shabat. Their products are Dead Sea products. They operate in USA, Korea and Australia.

There are some pretty damning reviews on Glassdoor, with some interesting observations of the owners.

Their reps are called Seacret Agents.

Lots of complaints from people who were approached by sellers when they were selling products in mall kiosks.

Send out cards

They have been found to be making false income claims. Check out TINA’s web page where you can view them.

SeneGence International

This is the MLM that sells Lipsense.

Their website.

Their reps’ titles are Princess, Duchess, Royal etc!! Their downlines are called Dominions.

Joni Rogers-Kante is credited by the company as starting SeneGence and travelling round the world with scientists developing amazing makeup with anti-aging properties.  Her husband and son help run the company.

This snippet is how Joni describes one of their products in The Direct Selling News. “As the product line grew, the company also added an anti-aging benefit to the products. “SenePlex Complex is the proprietary anti-aging formulation exclusive to SeneGence,” she says. “All SeneDerm and creamy SenseCosmetics contain this one-of-a-kind kinetic enzyme that fights the signs of aging by renewing your skin from  the inside out an average of 23.3 percent more rapidly, which in  turn reduces fine lines and wrinkles by an average of 55 percent for 100 percent of our consumers.” 

I’ve heard of skin renewing faster than normal, it’s what happens in dandruff and psoriasis.

I have tried to find the clinically proven research paper to analyse. I love a good bit of analysis. SeneGence give this information. Lots of charts and numbers and assumptions. No reference, no author or paper title. I’d like to look at the actual research. I have tweeted Senegence for the details (15th May 2017). I will keep you updated.

There is no income disclosure statement anywhere, not even on the Canadian website.

There are problems with products at the moment. The distributor packs that people purchase to start their business are currently out of stock. But that’s ok, you can still pay to join up and recruit others. The reviews at Glassdoor indicate there have been stock issues for a number of months now. There is an allegation of bullying by uplines, frontloading being encouraged, cult-like behaviour and lying.

The Complaints Board Website is full of Senegence complaints. People complaining they can’t get stock, customer services unhelpful, still recruiting when no stock available, ‘senecash’ not working, refunds not being given, many, many problems.

This blog post is by someone who left SeneGence and she spills the beans. She explains that distributors have to spend $200 every 6 months on products, the website costs $300 a year, you are encouraged to get a credit card to pay for products and to build up an inventory. The $55 join up fee has to be paid every year, you have to buy hundreds of dollars of stock each month to be eligible to earn from your dominion. This is one of the gems in the comments by someone in this MLM ‘nothing comes easy when its you being independently earning money next time you try something like this out give it some time and keep your optimism you could have reached those goals had it been something you really wanted to do. its really that simple if you dont want to put the work and time in then obviously you wont get the return you expected’.

A blog post where someone describes how they were terminated by Senegence. She was a Crown Princess and tells what it was like. She has started a Facebook Group for disullusioned  Senegence people- “Anyone wanting to join Verbal Release Therapy, message me on my facebook; Robyn Elizabeth Berry (I’m the one from Canada).”

A blog post on Crownless Princess that lists blogs to do with Senegence members and their experiences.

Bottlesoup analyse the earning potential for reps.


“The world’s first alkaline movement”.

This MLM have been criticised by TINA for making false health claims.

40 examples of false health claims are detailed by TINA here.


Sherlock Nation

Shopping Sherlock

Shrimp and Grits

Signature Homestyles


Silver Icing

Simple Man

Simply aroma

Simply Said

Simply Fun

DSA member

Simply Success Elite



Sitting Pretty

Sisel International


Their website.

This very detailed blog post evaluates SkinnyBodyCare. The blog looks at the ingredients in the products, the people behind the company and financial information.

Details on this blog of a court case against SkinnyBodyCare.

BBB rating of F. They have not responded to 10/12 complaints.

They have no income disclosure statement. They do not want people to know what small amounts their people earn.

Sky High Party and Pizza

Skybiz 2000

Small Business Marketing

Smart Circle

Smile Enhance Network

Their website. Started by Rebecca Moorfield.

They sell toothpate and tooth whitening products, including a ‘detox’ kit for teeth. They also sell CBD oil.

I tried to look up the ingredients in the products. There is no listing on their website. I looked at the products in their products section and clicked on ‘purchase’, hoping it would open up a box with more product information. The website then prompts you to register with them. There isn’t even a price on the website.

The smile enhance products are made in the UK, according to sellers.

On EBay there are lots of Smile Enhance products. They list the ingredients there.




Founded in 2012 by Ryan Wuerch in America. They ran a mobile service using T-Mobile. They shut down in 2014 after filing for bankruptcy.

On 18th November 2015 the company was still promoting its activities on Facebook.


This is the last message they posted-


They didn’t post more announcements.


This mobile phone website announced that Solavei were ceasing operations on Dec 4th 2015. They said it was due to the company being unable to recover after bankruptcy.

This Geekwire Report article describes what happened when it shut down. The announcement mentioned on Solavei’s Facebook page is accessible on that article.

Sophie Paris

Soul Purpose

South Hill Designs

South Pacific Islands Inc

South Western

Southern California Star Systems

South Hill Designs

Southwestern Advantage

Southern Living at Home


Spa Girl Parties Inc

Speciality Products



Spring Rainbow Enterprises of Oklahoma City


SPX Nutrition

Sseko Designs

Stahr Meridian

Stampin’ Up

Stanley Home Products


Steeped Tea

Stella and Dot

Their website

How much money can you really make in Stella and Dot? The Talented Ladies Club investigate.

A 2013 article on the CEO and creative director of S&D, Jessica Herrin and Blythe Harris.

Income disclosure statement for 2014

Screenshot 2016-06-25 09.58.37.png


In 2016 their income statement was a bit worse

2017-11-192017-11-19 (1)


A review on Glass door website. “You have to buy all your won products and displays. Which never ends because they are constantly discontinuing certain lines so you have to buy more each season. They run promotions to earn credit for free jewelry or qualify for 50% off but it’s a scam. As a stylist if your jewelry breaks to bad that “we want the customer to always be happy” doesn’t apply to stylists. You have to buy it again and at full price. The company makes money off the stylists not customers. If you want to make money you will be working more hours than any sales job I’ve ever had. And if you have stylists under you and you don’t make your required dollar amount those stylist get out under the person above you and they make the money not you. There is little support for stylists each team is very different. Very little training. They sell stay at home moms on oh you just have to throw trunk shows with your friends and for and for a few hours a week of work you can make great money. It’s a total lie. They want you to use an iPad with their app but you have to buy it. Most will spend more than they ever make. They keep expanding the line so you have to buy more and more and more products. Jewelry, purses, bags, makeup, scarves, glasses…..

An example of emotional manipulation used to entice mums to join Stella and dot-

2017-11-19 (2)

The Financial Times looked into the earning potential of Stella and Dot in this thorough article. The article points out that the company are willing to boast about profits from a few years ago but won’t talk about recent earnings. And that the company think it is different to others and more ethical because they offer buy back of unused stock. They fail to mention that this is actually a legal requirement in British law.


Sterling Bay


Stokes Associates

Strategic Resources

Stream Energy

They were sued in a class action and by TINA for being a pyramid scheme. For links to documents and a timeline of the case, have a look at TINA. March 2018 an agreement was reached between the parties.

Stream Gas and Electric



Success Connection

Success Is Not An Accident

Success Through Advertising

Success University

DSA member.


Member of UK DSA. Started in Utah by Dr Tei-Fu Chen in 1982. They sell supplements. They also own shops.

Their website. Their compensation plan.

Forbes list Dr Tai-Fu Chen as a billionaire. He was the 43rd richest person in Taiwan in 2017. He dropped out of Bingham Young University. He has a degree in ‘pharmacy‘, but I can find no mention of a PhD or medical training.

Details about the lawsuits claiming Sunrider is a pyramid scheme can be found on TINA’s website.

Sunset Gourmet

Sunshine Empire

Shut down in 2009 for being a pyramid scheme. It was based in Singapore.

Sunstar AAA Product and Profit

The Super Affiliate Network


Surge 365

Sweet Minerals

Swift Marketing



Symmetry Corporation

Synergy Worldwide


Tahitian Noni

Take Shape For Life

Talk Fusion

A member of the DSA in America. At least, they are as of May 2017.

2017-05-22 (2)

Their website. They say they provide video communication products.

Their compensation plan. You have to sign up 3 recruits in a month to be eligible for a bonus. Within this compensation plan is the income disclosure-

2017-05-22 (3)

69.54% earn nothing! 11.93% earn less than $50 in a year. A further 12.31% earn less than $250 a year. This means 93.78 earn less than $250 a year. That’s pretty poor. Note that 0.015% at the top earn over $200,000 a year. They have been in the scheme for 55 months. The lower earners who pay into the scheme and leave fairly quickly don’t earn anything. This demonstrates a continuous recruiting chain of people entering, paying money, not getting anything and leaving, while people at the top profit from this.

This pyramid scheme alert post explains how Talk Fusion are being sued for being a pyramid scheme in America.

Ethan Vanderbuilt discusses the case here. He outlines the points being complained about and has the actual court documents that you can scroll through for yourself.

Taqueria Santa Maria

Tastefully Simple


Based in Utah, USA. Founder is Boyd Wathen. He is the creator of Plexus’ pink drink.

Behind MLM review.

They sell weight loss products.



Team In Focus

Team National

Telecom Plus

DSA member


Went bankrupt in 2014.

2016 The US Attorney’s Office reported that TelexFREE were found to be running a billion dollar pyramid scheme.


Reps thought that it was an MLM at the time. The company seemed to be operating as an MLM to the untrained eye. Much as many MLMs are today.


Merrill was sentenced to prison for his part in the scam.


Behind MLM looked at the case of TelexFREE shutting down.

Behind MLM describe how the SEC said that TelexFREE looked like a cult. There is a long discussion in the comments on this article.

TelexFREE sponsored a Brazilian football team called Botafogo.


Tempo Wireless

Ten Fu Tenmax

Their website. Owned by Chairman Lee Rie Ho and started in Taiwan. The products are supplements, with an emphasis on tea extracts.

Terra Biotech


Thirty One Gifts

Their website. They sell bags, jewellery, scarves and some home décor items. They are only in America and Canada.

The company was started by Cindy Monroe in 2003.

Their income disclosure statement. for 2015.


This shows that 14% earned nothing at all. Of those that did earn something, 92.1% earned an average of $548 in a year. Their disclosure shows that expenses ‘can be several thousand dollars annually’.

In 2010 another MLM Miche Bags sued Thirty One Gifts for patent infringement. They alleged that Thirty One Gifts copied their bags with changeable covers. The court found that there hadn’t been an infringement. The court denied Thirty One’s request for compensation because they hadn’t bothered to respond to the suit or even to turn up at the original hearing.


See Le-Vel

Thrive Life

Thrivent Financial

Tianshi Health Products

Tiber river

Tickle Your Fancy


A Chinese company with a UK branch.

They sell supplements, cosmetics, vegetable washers and ‘complementary health products’.

This investigative documentary exposes the company and how they operate in Uganda, specifically with false health claims.

Member of UK DSA.


Titalwave Select

TLS Weight Loss Solution

Their website.

This product is sold through the MLM Market America (see above under M)

TML Group


Tomboy Tools

Owned by JRJR Network.

They sell three different types of products-

  • Longaberger products. These are baskets that cost upto $6,000!
  • They sell tools for women. Really!
  • Paperly- not sure what this is. It is just one photo of a desk and no info.

Their website.

The tools include pink items, including hammers, wrenches, power tools, gloves and tape measures.

Tom Gibbons Exec. Buying Service

Top Companies

Top Notch Distribution

Top Rank Business Associates Group

Total Health and Wellness

Total Life Changes

Ethan Vanderbuilt says it is a scam. He concludes it is a product based pyramid scam.

There is no income disclosure from TLC. They do not want you to know how much their people earn.

Their products offer dubious claims and have dangerous ingredients in them. (according to Ethan’s assessment in his blog).

Touchstone Crystal

Their website.

They sell jewellery. The business is  part of the Swarovski company.

Founded in 2009. DSA member.

Joining costs $139 or $299. There is a $9.95 a month fee for the website.

See my article on traditional companies that turn MLM for more details.

Touchstone Essentials

Traci Lynn Fashion Jewelery

Trades of Hope

DSA member

Traffic Authority

Traffic Monsoon

Andrew Pennman exposes this scheme as a scam.

Facebook group for people who have been scammed by Traffic Monsoon.

Tara Talks, a website that highlights Ponzi schemes.

A Digital Marketing website explains how this sort of scheme works and how bad Traffic Monsoon is.

Traffic Monsoon is in trouble with the authorities. Tara Talks and the Salt Lake Tribune report. The Salt Lake Tribune report how most of the victims came from poor countries, including Morocco and Bangladesh. Some people lost hundreds of thousands of dollars. The money earned by some was 99% from joining fees of new people. Classic Ponzi.

Traffic Swarm


Their website.

CEO Lorne Berry formed the company in 2014. Tranont offers services in financial, legal and health provided by third party merchants.

Behind MLM website reviewed it and found it to be very confusing.

Reps have to pay $125 monthly subscription fees.


Traveling Vinyard

DSA member

TraVerus Global/ Travel

Trek Alliance


DSA member

Triad Search Marketing

Tristar Enterprises

DSA member


Trivani Online


Tropic Skincare

Their website.

They sell make up. They call their reps ambassadors. Susie Ma won The Apprentice in 2011 and set up her Tropic business with Lord Alan Sugar, with him sharing the business 50/50 with Susie.


Lord Alan Sugar and Susie Ma.

They don’t have an income statement but they do have this-


Let’s see if we can work out the average income. We can assume that a few people started in 2011 and the numbers grew year on year. We can also assume that a lot of people joined and then left. Let’s try and cancel these facts out and assume there were, on average, 8000 people from the beginning and no one left the scheme. In reality, the number of total reps, past and present, would be more so we are being generous.

If there were 8000 reps and they earned £13 million between them, each one will have earned £1,625 in total. If you break this down to a yearly amount, it is £232.

Roughly then, each rep will have earned on average £232  a year, less expenses. Even if these figures are wrong by a factor of 4, this would still be a very poor earning potential.

Registered at Companies House.

There is no information on their website about how much it costs to join. A rep in a webchat stated in 2011 that it costs £120 to join.

Tru Dynamics


The Trump Network

TRUTH Niagara

Their website.

They sell bath products. They claim to be cruelty free but do not hold Leaping Bunny status.

TruVision Health

TS Life/ Team Strong Life

Set up by Caius Hale after he got dropped from Vida Divina.


This is an image from Caius’ Facebook page. There is a ‘TM’ there which indicates the name of the company is Trademarked. I searched the American and British databases of Trade Marks and there is no evidence of a Trade Mark being granted. I have hyperlinked the search facilities for these databases so you can check yourself.


In this video, Caius explains the company with Jade Coyle. In the background, there is a copyright symbol instead of a TM mark?!

September 1st 2018 will be the launch date in UK and Ireland. USA, prelaunch Nov 1st.

They are planning on having 5 products but are only showing three of them.


Caius says in his live above that there are leaders setting up for prelaunch. Some of these leaders apparently have ‘incomes’ and are working providing training and support to get people’s mindsets right before launch.


See this article I wrote on why companies turn MLM. Tupperware features in it.

Bottlesoup have examined Tupperware in some detail in this article.

Tvi Express

TWH Network of Companies

Twin Dynasty

Tyra Beauty

Their website. Unsuprisingly, they sell cosmetics.

U Design Jewelry

Ultimate Profits Network


Unicity Int.

They sell food supplements.

They allow people to order more than £1000 worth of products when signing up. The legal limit in the UK is £200. See the law on this matter.


Their income disclosure for 2015


Reps have to spend $125 on products each month, or $1500 a year. The above figures show

21% earned some money/ 79% earned NOTHING.

10.5% earned less than $125 a year/ 89.5% earned less than $125 a year.

2.1% earned more than $2300. Take into account the $1500 a year they spent on products, this means they earned $800 A YEAR.

How many people signing up will be concentrating on the last little statistic of  ‘1% earned more than $46,000’? This is 1% of 21%, remember. That is 0.21% of participants.


Truth In Advertising (TINA) found that Unicity reps were making many false health claims for the products. There are links to the health claims on the website.

United Freedom Team

United Sciences of America

MLM Watch‘s year long investigation into this MLM.

They sold meal substitutes and supplements. FDA regulatory letter warning about false health claims.

1987 they filed for bankruptcy after being sued by Attorney Generals in three states for being pyramid schemes.

United Warehouse


Univera Lifesciences

Unlimited Network of Opportunities

Uppercase Living

Owned by JRJR Networks

USANA Health Sciences

Their website.

Their compensation plan.

They sell nutritional supplements, body care and related products.

Income disclosure for 2015. The average income is US$859.

USANA is on the stock market. See here for how it is performing.

A Forbes article detailing some criticisms of USANA. Subjects discussed are Ponzi accusations, product criticisms, legal problems. USANA replied to the article.

TINA’s list of illegal health claims made for USANA products made by the sellers.

Usborne/ Usborne Books and More

Usborne are an unusual MLM, in that their products are mainstream and sold in high street bookshops and Amazon etc.

There is a Twitter campaign against them, have a look at @uzzieuncensored. They have a website here. They accuse Randall (the owner) of falsifying figures. They allege that any negativity or criticism from reps and they get fired. They offer evidence of these accusations.

This patronising blog post was written by an Usborne rep. However, she has since left them. The comments at the end are worth a read.

Information from Usborne about the ‘opportunity’. There doesn’t seem to be an income disclosure statement on this MLM. What are they hiding?

EDUCOC are how Usborne are known on the stock exchange. Some financial documents about them on the US EDGAR system.

This blog post details why MLM is not a suitable platform for books to be sold through. Their reps are untrained and should not be offering the advice they do.

USI Tech

Their website.

Their Twitter account hasn’t been updated since Jan 1st 2018. (@USITechBitcoin)

It is registered in Dubai and no one seems to know who the owner is.

A company that supposedly trades bitcoin using revolutionary technology. It has shut down suddenly in USA and Canada, following multiple investigations by financial authorities there. Investors have been unable to get their investments back and many have lost a lot of money. As of Jan 2018, they continue to trade in other countries, including UK and Australia.

Here are details of British Columbia Security Commision’s findings.

Here are details about the Texas cease and desist order against USI Iech.

I wrote an article on USI Tech after people contacted me who were worried about family members who were involved.

In the official letter to investors in the US, they were told that the company was having to shut down due to the actions of a few members, not because of a problem with how the company was operating. Direct Selling Report discuss the letter that was sent.

Ethan Vanderbuilt looks into the issues. He concludes it is a scam.

Behind MLM looked into USI Tech.

Blogger Bare Naked Scams has invested some money in USI Tech and is documenting what is happening to his investment. His computer screen is showing a huge rate of profit but there are problems. Many of the videos he has linked to have been deleted. He thinks he has made money but he hasn’t tried to withdraw any of it yet. I will be watching.


Utility Warehouse

David Brear explains Utility Warehouse here.

Sellers have to sign up 6 customers before they get paid any commission.

Financial statement from Utility warehouse contains this-

Screenshot 2016-06-25 14.39.28.png

According to their figures, 11,100 distributors joined in a year. By the end of the year, there was only a net increase of 1,737 people. That’s quite a high churn rate.

The Guardian published an article on Utility Warehouse and how their numbers don’t add up.

The Mirror Newspaper revealed in 2016 that UW were charging 94% of its customers too much money.

They got in trouble with OFGEM and ordered to improve the way they dealt with complaints handling. The report is from January 2017.

The Advertising Standards Association upheld a complaint about UW’s online advert for their phone deal in April 2018. The advert claimed they had the ‘UK’s best value mobile’. The ASA disagreed and ordered UW to remove the misleading advert.

V Stream TV


This MLM sell coffee that is billed as ‘the healthiest coffee in the world’.

Ethan Vanderbuilt says Valentus is a scam in his opinion.

5 of the 7 levels require members to arrange an ‘autoship’- setting up a monthly order of products.

There is no income disclosure document anywhere, despite the terms and conditions saying that it must be provided anytime any sort of income claim is made.

Their terms and conditions include the following points- You have to recruit, you’ll probably lose money, you have to purchase products each month to get bonuses, Valentus can use you image, words, story as they like and you can’t refuse or approve it, most members spend more on products than they earn.)

Valentus are being sued by Vitae Global- who supplied their coffee beans and are now their rival, selling Lean Java Bean Coffee. A counter claim has been put in by Valentus which contains many damning allegations. It got very ugly very quickly.

Review by Behind MLM, an MLM positive site aimed at people who are involved in MLMs. The review of Valentus is not overly positive.

This is one of their products

2017-05-02 (5)

One of the ingredients (phenylamine) is a type of amphetamine and should only be used occasionally. There are some conditions and medications that make this drug very dangerous. It can be addictive, increases blood pressure and blood sugar levels. For more information, have a read here. The maximum recommended dose is  500mg. How much is in Prevail? The dose is not on the packaging or website.

Vanguard Enterprises


Vantel Pearls

Their website. They sell jewellery made with a pearl from a pearl party. This is where people open up an oyster and find a pearl inside. There is some controversy about this type of activity.

Joan Cabral is the founder and CEO.

As of 26th April 2018 they are closed to new people joining. They give the reason that they are trying to improve shipping and customer service.

Their policies and procedures.

Members of the DSA.


Vault Denim

Vector Marketing

DSA member



Their website.

Raided by the FTC n America in August 2015 for being an illegal pyramid scheme. Vemma fought back and have been allowed to trade but they have to follow strict rules to keep them legitimate. As a result, they have not done so well. Read TINA’s (Truth In Advertising) article on recent developments.

Lazy Man’s article on Vemma.

Vestige Marketing




DSA member

Vida Divina

Their website.

Watch out for false health claims from this company.

Botwatchblog article on this MLM is called ‘Vida Divina breaks the law‘.

Vie at Home

(closed — formerly The Virgin Cosmetics Company and Virgin Vie At Home) — Sold cosmetics, jewellery and homeware.

Viridan Energy

Virtual Financial Group


See Body by vi.



Vision For Life

Vision International People Group

Vita Craft Corporation

Vitae Global

The listing for this company is under Lean Java Bean Coffee (the product they sell.)

Vitality Extracts

Vitamin Power Inc


Their website. They sell vitamins.





DSA member.

Vorwerk Worldwide/ USA

Votre Belle Maison

Votre Vu



Their website. They sell supplements and use phrases like ‘recommended by doctors, approved by moms’. They use words like ‘detox’ and ‘cosmeceuticals’. See here for their compensation plan.

Wakaya Perfection

WakeUpNow/ WUN

Started in 2009 in Utah by Troy Muhlestein. Picked up momentum in 2013 and dissolved in 2015. They sold loads of different things, mostly with the prefix ‘WUN’.

This 2014 Business For Home article describes how the company was losing drastic amounts of money and seemed to be failing. Their annual statement to investors was showing the losses they were making. Truth in Advertising dissect the case of WUN closing down. They discuss the way that the company sued a CEO named Kirby Cochrane and his family from making financial mistakes and being fraudulent. He has a history of being involved in companies that end up financially ruined.

Truth In Advertising gained a list of complaints made to the FTC by disgruntled reps.

When they shut down, the reps weren’t told the truth and believed their MLM shut down due to another company conning them. Look at this excuse given by a rep on a website that was supposedly reviewing WakeUpNow (the ‘review’ is really a cover for the author to sell their own brand of making money).


Ethan Vanderbuilt labelled them as a scam. He states that the discounts provided by the MLM are just that= discounts, not an investment. It is not money earned. Also, he shows how you can find all the products cheaper elsewhere and no money is even being saved.

Ethan discusses the Income Disclosure Statements. Here is their 2013 income statement.



82% of reps earned nothing in a year. NOTHING!


Let’s see how much it cost to earn $0 a year by looking at this very informative slide show from a rep who was with WUN at the time.


If you wanted to earn some money with WUN, you would have to spend a minimum of $779.40 a year. Considering 82% earned nothing and 14% earned $1213 a year, that would have been a very bad investment. That’s 96% earning $433.60. Take off other business expenses and you can see that hardly anyone was earning anything.


Walsh Industries

Watkins Incorporated

WBC Group

DSA Member.


Wealth Generators


Wealthy Affiliate


The new face of Flexkom, a Turkish MLM company.

Write up by Lazyman and Money. There are some very detailed posts in the comments section about Flexkom. It looks like Flexkom took a lot of people’s money for franchise licences and technology, only to never deliver. Then they disappeared.



Their website.

Reps are called ‘wellbeing advisors’.


Wellness Advantage Marketing

Wellness International Network WIN


Whitehead Enterprises

Wholefood Farmacy


Wild About Beyond Organic


Willing Beauty

Willow House


Wineshop at Home

Woodberry Events

Work At Home United

World Book

DSA member.


Wor(l)d Global Network

Their website.

Their income disclosure statement.  During 3 months, the average participant was paid US$393.35 for Jan-March 2017.

2017-05-09 (8)

This means that 58.79% earned nothing. Of the remaining 41.21% , 86.45% earned less than $1988 in 3 months. 86.45% of 41.21% is 35.63%. These figures add up to 94.42% not making much at all.

World Class Travel Network

Operated during the 1990s as a travel agent MLM.

1997 they were in trouble with the FTC. There was controversy about the training they offered. A settlement was made with the FTC and compensation was paid.

Article here on a travel industry website.

World Internetworks

World leadership group

Dissolved in 2008.

World Link Discount Telecom

World Marketing Alliance of Hawaii

World Financial Group

DSA member.

World Perfume


Their website. They are online Travel agents.

Their income disclosure statement for 2016.

world ventures

The small print explains how only 20.05% of reps earned anything. About 19% earned less than $1,125.

World Wide Equality

Worth Unlimited


WSK Marketing


Medical advisor was Dr Templeman. There was some controversy about him. Check out the comment at the bottom of this article.

Their website. They sell fruit drinks. Xango seem to have been taken over by Zija in May 2017.

Xango were compared to Vemma by the FTC. Vemma was shut down for being a pyramid scheme.

Xango review from 2013.


See article I wrote about them. And this one, and this one!

They sold coffee with herbal extracts in them. The UK part of this MLM did not do very well. The company was being run from someone’s living room, products weren’t being received by buyers and many promises were made and not kept.

There is no trace of Xerveo now. it was rumoured that they were bought up by another MLM but there is nothing official or any statements out there. Xerveo just fizzled out.



Xoom Energy

Xooma Worldwide

XStream Travel

See TraVerus Global.



Yanbal International






Not to be confused with the Yofoto that prints your photos.

This Yofoto is a Chinese company that sells food, personal care and cleaning products. Established in 2004, they now operate in Russia, Vietnam, Thailand and Cameroon, as well as in China.

Chairperson of the company is Huang Jin Bao.

Ranked number 34 in biggest earning MLM in 2018, as rated by Direct Selling News.

Yofoto seem to be linked to a company called Replicel that are a science company. Financial analysis here.

Some facts about the company here. One of the facts is that the company says they are vegetarian but they sell fur seal oil?!


Yor Health


Young Living Essential Oils

Their website.

This company sells essential oils.

TINA (Truth In Advertising) have compiled a list of dishonest and illegal health claims made by sellers of Young Living.

Bottlesoup have done a financial analysis of the financial opportunity for reps.

The New Yorker wrote a good piece on Young Living. They examine the culture, money earned and the man behind the scheme (Gary Young). Here are some excerpts from the article about Mr Young


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The article continues with many revelations which are worth a read. Here is another one-

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I’d like to draw your attention to the top line there…

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94% of distributers earn on average $1 a month. This doesn’t take into account the associated costs like ‘advertising or promotional expenses, product samples, training, rent, travel, telephone and internet costs, and miscellaneous expenses.’


They bought Beauticontrol from Tuuperware in 2017.


Their website.

Talented Ladies Club investigate the earning potential of Younique. They find the average rep earns between $9-$14 a month.

Bottlesoup do some analysis on earning potential.

An ex-Younique victim’s story from Timeless Vie.

Elle Beau The Antiblogger was in Younique and she writes about her experiences on FaceBook and on her blog. She is @ElleBeauBlog on Twitter. Elle is one of the Anti-MLM coalition’s members and we at Bot Watch work closely with her.

Chammy In Real Life is a blogger and she had an experience with Younique as well. Here is her story.

Younique’s website claims there are 734,924 presenters worldwide as of 9th May 2017, let’s see how that number changes over a year.

This excellent Timeless Vie blog post on the horrors of MLMs includes an analysis of Younique’s infiltration into an economically deprived British town. Really worth a read.

Younique do not provide an Income disclosure statement. Why?

Terms and conditions.

Use the hashtag #Poonique on Twitter for Younique critics.

Your Inspiration at Home

Owned by JRJR Networks

Your RX Help

YTB, formerly Your Travel Business.

Discussed in this Travel agents website.

Formed in 2001 under Scott Tomer, Lloyd Tomer and Kim Sorensen.

2012-2014 CEO was Andy Cauthen, who is now CEO of PlanNet Marketing.

Several lawsuits arose in 2008, one of them accusing YTB of being a pyramid scheme. A settlement was made that cost YTB $1 million. The Judgement can be read here.

“In 2007, the annual median income for those selling travel was $39.00, less than one month’s cost to operate the website. The majority of consumers who purchased YTB websites made no money through the sale of travel, and many lost money through continued website operations. “- from the Attorney General of California’s website.

YTB blamed their reps for their bad and unprofessional behaviour for their the company’s bad reputation in the travel industry.

Their website says that they are no longer recruiting new reps but old ones can still operate.

2013 YTB filed for bankruptcy with assets of $1.3 million and $7.1 million of liabilities. They were bought by Jamravel Inc who said they would call the new company YTB Global Travel. Story here.

Their website hasn’t been updated since 2015.

Yves Rocher

Zeek Rewards

A penny auction website scheme that was deemed to be a Ponzi scheme. Zeek themselves claimed to be an MLM.

Zeek’s MLM lawyer, who has also represented Herbalife and USA, among others, convinced members that the company was legitimate. More here about that on the False Profits website. The article discusses how Zeek Rewards is just like any other MLM.

Official announcements from the receiver about Zeek.

US Department of Justice updates given here about Zeek.

Zenith Petroleum Corporation




Zija International

They sell supplements.

They took over Xango in 2017.


They sell CBD oil.





Zyia Active


Zyrra (now called Peach)

MLMLegal have information on this company. The website says they are DSA members but I cannot find evidence this is true.

Their website.

They sell bras. The reps take 10 measurements in 10 minutes and then order a custom made bra which arrives within 4 weeks. The company was set up in 2007 by Christi Andersen and Derek Ohly. They are now called Peach.

Action against MLM. Things you can do.

Report a dishonest or illegal advert to the ASA on this complaint form. 

Screenshot 2016-06-21 16.02.44.pngComplain to event organisers about an MLM stall using this template from Timeless Vie.


Report to Trading Standards if any of the following apply

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The DSA are the Direct Selling Association. MLMs are members of this group and they value this membership because it makes them look legitimate. The DSA have a code of conduct that the MLM companies and sellers have to adhere to. You can complain to them if these rules are broken and the DSA can step in. 

Here is a basic overview of the codes of ethics-

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The whole code can be accessed on the DSA site for consumers and business conduct. If you are concerned that these codes have been breached and you are not getting a satisfactory response from the MLM company, contact the DSA to complain and they will step in to help.

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